Credit risk assessment of the microfinance industry in Nigeria : an application to Accion Microfinance Bank Limited (AMFB)
Thesis (MDF)--Stellenbosch University, 2011.
The research report provides a credit risk assessment and evaluation of Accion Microfinance Bank Limited (AMFB) for the period 2006 to 2010, using Morgan Stanley’s methodology for analysing the credits and performance ratings of microfinance institutions (MFIs). Since MFIs are set up to provide credit and other financial services to the poor, financially underserviced segment of the society, and since the credit support granted to such micro businesses usually lacks collateral, it is imperative that the management of such credit services be sound in order to mitigate the high risks involved. Thus, credit risk management determines the success and survival of microfinance banks (MFBs): weak credit management leads to capital erosion and eventual failure, whereas sound credit risk management guarantees profitability and sustainability and, hence, the realisation of the objectives of their setup – enhancing the welfare of micro-entrepreneurs. The data for the research report were sourced from AMFB’s financial statements for the years 2006 to 2010 and from interviews that were conducted with principal officials of this MFB. The research found that good regulatory corporate governance and management practices, sound quantitative credit risk assessment and management, and quality and maturity of management lead to low credit risk accompanied by high profitability and sustainability for MFBs. As AMFB matured, the quality of portfolio, profitability, sustainability and operating efficiency were seen to increase. The quality of shareholders, board and management was found to be crucial for the sound management of the MFB. The research report, therefore, recommends regular and continuous credit risk identification, assessment and management, as well as sound corporate governance, if MFBs are to survive and grow and achieve their developmental objectives.