Development of a coaching framework for the business manager acting in an informal coaching role in the workplace
Thesis (MBA)--Stellenbosch University, 2012.
The new world of business requires the growth and development of all staff to ensure a competitive advantage for the organisation by maximising the effective and productive impact of the human resources of the company. It is in this context that the informal coach within the company can make the greatest impact by facilitating the development and growth of aspiring leaders and managers to reach their full potential. In this context, the informal coach will be an employee of the company and have a regular designation within the organisation. Apart from his or her daily duties, the coach will aspire to provide guidance and facilitate change with fellow employees on an informal and relaxed basis. The coaching will not take place during formal sessions, as is the case for a traditional coaching process, but will be guided by daily interaction between the coach and client within the work environment. When fulfilling this role the coach needs to be aware of the core principles, skills and values to form the basis of the coaching process. The coach should further have a clear understanding of the independent position that is required within the interaction with the client, where the focus is on the goals, hopes and curiosities of the client as a centre to growth and development. The coach should consider the perspectives of the client that was formed by the client’s life experiences and that could have a profound impact on the effectiveness of the coaching interaction and the possible hindrances to optimal personal development. During this process the particular life stage of the client will play a prominent role in the interaction, with the coach to consider the specific needs and desires of the client in context of his or her development stage or managerial level. The personal and organisational leadership style of the client and the company should be considered when initiating a coaching process, with the client required to be capable of utilising a variety of leadership styles effectively to assure the optimal use of teams. The coach should assist the client to develop the capacity to identify which leadership styles are required under certain conditions and how to use it effectively. The leadership pipeline and succession planning within the company will play an important role in the way the client will be guided to fulfil a specific management or leadership role. In this case the coach will need to be aware and collaborate with human resource planning within the company to ensure that the identification and development of the client is aligned with company strategies and planning. Throughout the interaction the coach should provide feedback to the client on the progress made during the coaching process. This feedback should be managed appropriately to act as motivation to the client for further development. Typically a 360° peer review can be used as a source for feedback as long as it is properly managed to yield accurate and appropriate results. The role of the informal coach should thus not be underestimated in the workplace to facilitate personal growth for individuals and managers to ensure the continued strategic strengthening of the company and the future survival of businesses.