A critical analysis of the concepts permanent establishment and foreign business establishment

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dc.contributor.advisor Van Schalkwyk, L.
dc.contributor.author Van Schaik, Rozelle
dc.contributor.other Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences. Dept. of Accountancy. en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-18T13:27:30Z
dc.date.available 2012-05-18T13:27:30Z
dc.date.issued 2010-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/21139
dc.description Thesis (MAcc)--Stellenbosch University, 2010. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The Income Tax Act, Act 58 of 1962 (‘the Act’) currently defines a permanent establishment in section 1. The definition of a permanent establishment in the Act refers to article 5 of the Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital of the Organisation for Economic Co- Operation and Development. The existence of a permanent establishment in a tax jurisdiction determines the right of the jurisdiction to tax the profits of the permanent establishment. The concept foreign business establishment was inserted into section 9D of the Act by clause 10(1)(a) of the Revenue Laws Amendment Act, Act 59 of 2000. Section 9D is an antiavoidance provision, which determines that certain foreign-sourced income generated by South African controlled foreign companies are subject to tax in South Africa. The concept foreign business establishment is one of the exclusions from the anti-avoidance provisions in section 9D. The Revenue Laws Amendment Act, Act 59 of 2000, replaced all references to the concept permanent establishment with a reference to the newly introduced concept foreign business establishment in section 9D(9)(b) of the Act. The Explanatory Memorandum on the Revenue Laws Amendment Bill, 2000 (SARS 2000:1-12) does not provide a reason for the replacement of the concept permanent establishment. The objective of this study was to analyse and compare the concepts permanent establishment and foreign business establishment in order to make recommendations regarding the required additions and amendments to replace the concept foreign business establishment with the internationally recognised and accepted concept permanent establishment. The proposed replacement of the concept foreign business establishment with an internationally recognised and accepted tax concept will enhance the international compatibility of the Act. The use of an internationally recognised and accepted tax concept will provide clarity and certainty regarding the tax implications of section 9D(9)(b) for those affected by it. It was found that the concepts permanent establishment and foreign business establishment are used in different contexts within the Act. The concepts also apply to different types of taxpayers in different situations. The two concepts have, however, the same objective, being the identification of criteria for the existence of legitimate and substantive business activities in the foreign tax jurisdiction. A comparison between the definitions of the two concepts reveals that there are various components in the definitions with the same wording and meaning. After a detailed comparison between the two definitions it was found that, subject to some suggested additions and amendments, the internationally recognised and accepted concept permanent establishment can replace the concept foreign business establishment in section 9D(9)(b) of the Act without having a material impact on the objective of section 9D(9)(b). This replacement is possible due to the mutual objective of and similar components contained in the definitions of the concepts permanent establishment and foreign business establishments. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die Inkomstebelastingwet, Wet 58 van 1962 (‘die Wet’) definieer ’n permanente saak in artikel 1. Die definisie van ’n permanente saak verwys na artikel 5 van die ‘Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital of the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development’. Die bestaan van ’n permanente saak in ’n belastingjurisdiksie bepaal die reg van die belastingjurisdiksie om die winste van die permanente saak te belas. Die begrip buitelandse besigheidsaak is deur artikel 10(1)(a) van die Wysigingswet op Inkomstewette, Wet 59 van 2000 in die Wet ingesluit. Artikel 9D is ’n teenvermydingsbepaling wat bepaal dat sekere inkomste vanaf ’n buitelandse bron gegenereer deur ’n Suid-Afrikaans beheerde buitelandse maatskappy in Suid-Afrika belas word. Die begrip buitelandse besigheidsaak is een van die uitsluitings van die teenvermydingsbepaling in artikel 9D. Alle verwysings in artikel 9D(9)(b) na die begrip permanente saak is deur die Wysigingswet op Inkomstewette, Wet 59 van 2000, vervang met ’n verwysing na die nuwe begrip buitelandse besigheidsaak. Die ‘Explanatory Memorandum on the Revenue Laws Amendment Bill, 2000’ (SARS 2000:1-12) verskaf nie ’n rede vir die vervanging van die begrip permanente saak nie. Die doel van die studie was om die begrippe permanente saak en buitelandse besigheidsaak te vergelyk sodat voorstelle gemaak kan word rakende die nodige byvoegings en wysings om die begrip buitelandse besigheidsaak met die internasionaal aanvaarde en erkende begrip, permanente saak, te vervang. Die voorgestelde vervanging van die begrip buitelandse besigheidsaak met ’n internasionaal aanvaarde en erkende begrip sal die internasionale verenigbaarheid van die Suid Afrikaanse wetgewing bevorder. Die gebruik van ’n begrip wat internasionaal aanvaar en erken word, sal sekerheid en duidelikheid bewerkstellig vir diegene wat deur die artikel geaffekteer word. Daar is bevind dat die begrippe permanente saak en buitelandse besigheidsaak in die Wet in verskillende verbande gebruik word. Die begrippe is ook van toepassing op verskillende belastingbetalers in verskillende situasies. Die twee begrippe het egter dieselfde doelwit naamlik die identifisering van kriteria vir die bestaan van wesenlike en volwaardige besigheidsaktiwiteite in die buitelandse belastingjurisdiksie. ’n Vergelyking tussen die definisies van die twee begrippe toon dat verskeie komponente van die definisies dieselfde woorde en betekenis bevat. Na ’n detail vergelyking van die twee begrippe is daar bevind dat, onderhewig aan sommige voorgestelde byvoegings en wysigings, die internasionaal erkende en aanvaarde begrip permanente saak die begrip buitelandse besigheidsaak in artikel 9D(9)(b) van die Wet kan vervang. Die vervanging is moontlik weens die gemeenskaplike doelwit en soortgelyke komponente in die definisies van die begrippe permanente saak en buitelandse besigheidsaak. af_ZA
dc.format.extent 118 p.
dc.language.iso en_ZA en_ZA
dc.publisher Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University en_ZA
dc.subject Corporations, Foreign -- Taxation -- Law and legislation -- South Africa en_ZA
dc.subject South Africa. Income Tax Act, 1962 en_ZA
dc.title A critical analysis of the concepts permanent establishment and foreign business establishment en_ZA
dc.type Thesis en_ZA
dc.rights.holder Stellenbosch University en_ZA


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