Synthesis and characterization of porphyrin nanotubes/rods for solar radiation harvesting and solar cells
Energy transfer and electron transfer events as they occur between well arranged light harvesting antenna molecules, the reaction center and other factors determine the function of natural photosynthesis. The overall small reorganization energy and the well-balanced electronic coupling between each component bear key characters for the unique efficiency of natural photosynthesis. Such aspects permit the design and assembly of artificial systems that efficiently process solar energy, replicating the natural processes. The rich and extensive transitions seen in porphyrin-based materials hold great expectation as light harvesting building blocks in the construction of molecular architectures, allowing an efficient use of the solar spectrum. Hence in this study porphyrin nanorods are synthesized and characterized for future application in the construction of the artificial light harvesting system. Understanding the sizes and growth mechanism of porphyrins nanorods by self-assembly and molecular recognition is essential for their successful implementation in nanodevices. Spectroscopic and microscopic studies were carried out to investigate the effect that time, concentration and solvents have on the fabrication of porphyrin nanorods by ionic self-assembly of two oppositely charged porphyrins. We investigate in details the heteroaggregate behavior formation of [H 4TPPS 4] 2- and [SnTPyP] 2 mixture by means of the UVvis spectroscopy and aggregates structure and morphology by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). This study demonstrates the potential for using different concentrations and solvents to influence the physical and optical properties of porphyrin based nanorods. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.