And mirativity in Biblical Hebrew
This exhaustive study of modifies the findings of an earlier pilot study of the lexeme. 1 Three major categories of use are distinguished, namely, 1) when within in a speech situation points out an entity, location, or event to an addressee; 2) when a narrator (and less often a speaker) uses to point to the cognitive effects of an observation or mental consideration upon another character (or, less often, upon the speaker him-/herself); and 3) when points to a proposition (or propositions) which need(s) to be related to another proposition (or propositions) or speech act(s). In each of the three categories has a deictic function, which could be regarded as its semantic core. However, since in about two-thirds of the occurrences in the corpus, it is unambiguously clear that is used to point to something for which either addressees or characters were not prepared, it is postulated the most typical and central use of is to mark mirativity. However, some secondary shifts away from this core mirative sense have been identified in the corpus. Each of the shifts is to be accounted for in a principled manner.