Radial-flux permanent-magnet hub drives: A comparison based on stator and rotor topologies
In this paper, the performances of electric vehicle (EV) in-wheel (hub) nonoverlap-winding permanent-magnet motors with different stator and rotor topologies are compared. The calculation of the frequency losses in the design optimization of the hub motors is specifically considered. Also, the effect of the slot and pole number choice that determines the winding factor of the machine is investigated. It is shown that the torque-per-copper-loss performance of the machine cannot be judged solely on the winding factor of the machine. Wide open stator slot machines with rectangular preformed coils and, hence, low manufacturing costs are found to perform better than expected. The design detail and test results of a prototype 10-kW water-cooled EV hub drive are presented. The test results confirm the finite-element-calculated results, specifically in the high-speed region of the drive where the rotor topology affects the constant power speed range. © 2011 IEEE.