Development of a novel high-voltage arbitrary-waveform generator

Schwardt, Eckhard Detlef (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2007-03)

Thesis (MSc)--University of Stellenbosch, 2007.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The dielectric-barrier discharge (DBD) is a source of non-equilibrium plasma that has seen widespread industrial application in recent years. A high-voltage arbitrary-waveform generator has been designed, built and characterised for the purpose of investigating the influence that the applied voltage waveform has on the operation of a DBD. The developed arbitrary-waveform generator is based on the principle of Fourier synthesis. Up to twenty Fourier components are generated by means of a digital circuit board, and then separately amplified by Class-AB amplifiers. Twenty step-up transformers are subsequently used to transform the Fourier components to higher voltages; the summation of the Fourier components are realised by the series connection of the transformer secondary sides. It was found that the digital generation of the Fourier components is very accurate and provides for the easy configuration of arbitrary waveforms. Furthermore, the amplification of the Fourier components by the Class-AB amplifiers introduces very little distortion. The principle of adding the Fourier components via the step-up transformers has been demonstrated; however, the large distributed capacitances of the transformers adversely affect the operation of the Class-AB amplifiers, leading to the introduction of distortion into the generated waveform. Furthermore, it was found that care had to be taken to limit the introduction of EMI through the system’s large ground plane.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die di¨elektriese versperringsontlading (DVO) is ’n bron van nie-ekwilibrium plasma wat in die afgelope jare wye toepassing in die nywerheid gevind het. ’n Arbitrˆere-golfvorm hoogspanningskragbron is ontwerp, gebou en gekarakteriseer, met die doel om die invloed wat die aangewende spanningsgolfvorm het op die werking van die DVO, te ondersoek. Die ontwikkelde arbitrˆere golfvormgenerator is gebaseer op die beginsels van Fourier samestelling. Tot twintig Fourier komponente word digitaal gegenereer, en dan afsonderlik versterk deur Klas-AB versterkers. Twintig transformators word dan gebruik om die Fourier komponente na ho¨er spannings te transformeer. Die sommasie van die Fourier komponente geskied deur die serieskakeling van die transformators se sekondˆere windings. Daar is bevind dat die digitale generasie van die Fourier komponente baie akkuraat is, en dat die arbitrˆere golfvorms maklik verstel kan word. Verder versterk die Klas-AB versterkers die Fourier komponente sonder enige noemenswaardige vervorming. Die gebruik van die transformators om die Fourier komponente saam te voeg, is gedemonstreer. Die groot verspreide kapasitansies van die transformators be¨ınvloed egter die funksioneering van die Klas-AB versterkers, wat lei tot ’n vervorming van die uittree. Daar is ook bevind dat die toetrede van EM versteurings deur die grondvlak van die sisteem problematies kan wees.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/19863
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