Railton Community Assessment (CAP) : research report
The main aim of the Community Assessment Project (CAP), which arose out of the above mentioned partnership, was to conduct a community assessment of Railton (within Swellendam) to assist the local community and the Railton Foundation to identify priority areas for community development. This was pursued through a mapping of community assets (including strengths and resources) and a priority needs assessment process. This research was conducted within a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) Approach. CBPR is a collaborative approach to research that equitably involves all partners in the research process and recognises the unique strengths that each brings. CBPR begins with a research topic of importance to the community with the aim of combining knowledge and action for social change to improve the community. The first main section of this Report discusses the CBPR approach, and how ethical issues relating to conducting community research were addressed in the CAP research. This is followed by a detailed outlined of the 10 phases of the research design. The research training process is then discussed in some detail. The research participants are identified, and then the various data collection and analysis methods are discussed in some detail. The process of ‘pulling all the data together’ (called triangulation) is then explained. The process of sharing the research findings and recommendations with the community is then discussed. This chapter ends with a focus on both the strengths and limitations of the CAP research.