Proposed mechanisms for the anabolic steriod-induced increase in myocardial susceptibility to ischaemia/reperfusion injury

Du Toit, E. F. ; Rossouw, E. ; Van Rooyen, J. ; Lochner, A. (Clinics Cardiv Publishing, 2005-02)

Article

Androgenic anabolic steroids (AAS) are often used by athletes to enhance athletic performance but are strongly associated with detrimental cardiovascular effects including sudden cardiac death. Hypothesis: AAS use increases myocardial susceptibility to ischaemia/reperfusion injury. Methods: Rats were trained (swimming) with or without intramuscular injection of nandrolone laurate (0.375 mg/kg). Untrained rats with or without nandrolone served as controls. Hearts were mounted on the Langendorff perfusion apparatus and mechanical function was measured before and after 20-min normothermic global ischaemia. Myocardial tissue samples were collected for determination of tissue cyclic nucleotide and TNFα concentrations. Results: Anabolic steroids decreased the rate pressure product (RPP) of the exercise-trained rat heart [34 582 ± 1 778 mmHg/min vs 28 868 ± 2 446 mmHg/min for exercise-trained steroid-treated hearts (p < 0.05)]. Reperfusion RPP was lower in both the sedentary, and the exercise-trained, steroid-treated hearts than in their concurrent vehicle-treated controls (18 276 ± 2 026 mmHg/min vs 12 018 ± 1 725 mmHg/min for sedentary steroid-treated hearts and, 21 892 ± 2 912 mmHg vs 12 838 ± 1 536 mmHg/min for exercise-trained steroidtreated hearts). Myocardial TNFα [267.75 ± 44.25 pg/g vs 190.00 ± 15.75 pg/g (p < 0.05)] and cAMP concentrations [406.04 ± 18.41 pmol/g vs 235.6 ± 43.26 pmol/g

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