• Tracking the cellulolytic activity of Clostridium thermocellum biofilms 

      Dumitrache, Alexandru; Wolfaardt, Gideon M.; Allen, David Grand; Liss, Steven N.; Lynd, Lee R. (BioMed Central, 2013-11-29)
      Background Microbial cellulose conversion by Clostridium thermocellum 27405 occurs predominantly through the activity of substrate-adherent bacteria organized in thin, primarily single cell-layered biofilms. The importance ...
    • Tracking the evolution of causal cognition in humans 

      Lombard, Marlize; Gardenfors, Peter (Istituto Italiano di Antropologia, 2017)
      We suggest a seven-grade model for the evolution of causal cognition as a framework that can be used to gauge variation in the complexity of causal reasoning from the panin-hominin split until the appearance of cognitively ...
    • Trade-offs in multi-purpose land use under land degradation 

      Vlek, Paul L. G.; Khamzina, Asia; Azadi, Hossein; Bhaduri, Anik; Bharati, Luna; Braimoh, Ademola; Martius, Christopher; Sunderland, Terry; Taheri, Fatemeh (MDPI, 2017)
      Abstract: Land provides a host of ecosystem services, of which the provisioning services are often considered paramount. As the demand for agricultural products multiplies, other ecosystem services are being degraded or ...
    • Transfusion in Haemoglobinopathies : review and recommendations for local blood banks and transfusion services in Oman 

      Al-Riyami, Arwa Z.; Daar, Shahina (Sultan Qaboos University, 2018)
      Sickle cell disease and homozygous β-thalassaemia are common haemoglobinopathies in Oman, with many implications for local healthcare services. The transfusions of such patients take place in many hospitals throughout the ...
    • TRAPLINE : a standardized and automated pipeline for RNA sequencing data analysis, evaluation and annotation 

      Wolfien, Markus; Rimmbach, Christian; Schmitz, Ulf; Jung, Julia Jeannine; Krebs, Stefan; Steinhoff, Gustav; David, Robert; Wolkenhauer, Olaf (BioMed Central, 2016)
      Background: Technical advances in Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) provide a means to acquire deeper insights into cellular functions. The lack of standardized and automated methodologies poses a challenge for the analysis ...
    • Two distance memories in desert ants - modes of interaction 

      Wolf, Harald; Wittlinger, Matthias; Pfeffer, Sarah E. (Public Library of Science, 2018-10-10)
      Navigation plays an essential role for many animals leading a mobile mode of life, and for central place foragers in particular. One important prerequisite for navigation is the ability to estimate distances covered during ...
    • Understanding and acting on the developmental origins of health and disease in Africa would improve health across generations 

      Norris, Shane A.; Daar, Abdallah; Balasubramanian, Dorairajan; Byass, Peter; Kimani-Murage, Elizabeth; Macnab, Andrew; Pauw, Christoff; Singhal, Atul; Yajnik, Chittaranjan; Akazili, James; Levitt, Naomi; Maatoug, Jihene; Mkhwanazi, Nolwazi; Moore, Sophie E.; Nyirenda, Moffat; Pulliam, Juliet R. C.; Rochat, Tamsen; Said-Mohamed, Rihlat; Seedat, Soraya; Sobngwi, Eugene; Tomlinson, Mark; Toska, Elona; Van Schalkwyk, Cari (Taylor & Francis Open, 2017)
      Data from many high- and low- or middle-income countries have linked exposures during key developmental periods (in particular pregnancy and infancy) to later health and disease. Africa faces substantial challenges with ...
    • Understanding iron metabolism : lessons from transfusion-dependent Thalassemia 

      Al-Khabori, Murtadha; Daar, Shahina (Oman Medical Specialty Board, 2018)
      No abstract available
    • Upscaling biodiversity : estimating the species–area relationship from small samples 

      Kunin, William E.; Harte, John; He, Fangliang; Hui, Cang; Jobe, R. Todd; Ostling, Annette; Polce, Chiara; Sizling, Arnost; Smith, Adam B.; Smith, Krister; Smart, Simon M.; Storch, David; Tjorve, Even; Ugland, Karl‐Inne; Ulrich, Werner; Varma, Varun (Ecological Society of America, 2018)
      The challenge of biodiversity upscaling, estimating the species richness of a large area from scattered local surveys within it, has attracted increasing interest in recent years, producing a wide range of competing ...
    • Why model? 

      Wolkenhauer, Olaf (Frontiers Media, 2014-01-28)
      Next generation sequencing technologies are bringing about a renaissance of mining approaches. A comprehensive picture of the genetic landscape of an individual patient will be useful, for example, to identify groups of ...