• Causal cognition, force dynamics and early hunting technologies 

      Gardenfors, Peter; Lombard, Marlize (Frontiers Media, 2018)
      With this contribution we analyze ancient hunting technologies as one way to explore the development of causal cognition in the hominin lineage. Building on earlier work, we separate seven grades of causal thinking. By ...
    • Cell-autonomous role of GFRα1 in the development of olfactory bulb GABAergic interneurons 

      Zechel, Sabrina; Fernandez-Suarez, Diana; Ibanez, Carlos F. (The Company of Biologists, 2018-05-18)
      GFRα1, a receptor for glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), is critical for the development of the main olfactory system. The olfactory bulb (OB) of Gfra1 knockout mice shows significant reductions in the ...
    • Childhood obesity in urban Ghana : evidence from a cross-sectional survey of in-school children aged 5–16 years 

      Ganle, John K.; Boakye, Priscilla P.; Baatiema, Leonard (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2019-11-26)
      Background: Childhood obesity is a growing public health concern in many low-income urban settings; but its determinants are not clear. The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of childhood obesity and associated ...
    • COMODI : an ontology to characterise differences in versions of computational models in biology 

      Scharm, Martin; Waltemath, Dagmar; Mendes, Pedro; Wolkenhauer, Olaf (BioMed Central, 2016-07-11)
      Background: Open model repositories provide ready-to-reuse computational models of biological systems. Models within those repositories evolve over time, leading to different model versions. Taken together, the underlying ...
    • Competition between silicifiers and non-silicifiers in the past and present ocean and its evolutionary impacts 

      Hendry, Katharine R.; Marron, Alan O.; Vincent, Flora; Conley, Daniel J.; Gehlen, Marion; Ibarbalz, Federico M.; Queguiner, Bernard; Bowler, Chris (Frontiers Media, 2018)
      Competition is a central part of the evolutionary process, and silicification is no exception: between biomineralized and non-biomineralized organisms, between siliceous and non-siliceous biomineralizing organisms, and ...
    • Consumer-resource dynamics : quantity, quality, and allocation 

      Getz, Wayne M.; Owen-Smith, Norman (Public Library of Science, 2011-01-20)
      Background: The dominant paradigm for modeling the complexities of interacting populations and food webs is a system of coupled ordinary differential equations in which the state of each species, population, or functional ...
    • Coupling, reinforcement, and speciation 

      Butlin, Roger K.; Smadja, Carole M. (University of Chicago Press, 2018)
      During the process of speciation, populations may diverge for traits and at their underlying loci that contribute barriers to gene flow. These barrier traits and barrier loci underlie individual barrier effects, by which ...
    • COVID-19 Disease map, building a computational repository of SARS-CoV-2 virus-host interaction mechanisms 

      Ostaszewski, Marek; Mazein, Alexander; Gillespie, Marc E.; Kuperstein, Inna; Niarakis, Anna; Hermjakob, Henning; Pico, Alexander R.; Willighagen, Egon L.; Evelo, Chris T.; Hasenauer, Jan; Schreiber, Falk; Drager, Andreas; Demir, Emek; Wolkenhauer, Olaf; Furlong, Laura I.; Barillot, Emmanuel; Dopazo, Joaquin; Orta-Resendiz, Aurelio; Messina, Francesco; Valencia, Alfonso; Funahashi, Akira; Kitano, Hiroaki; Auffray, Charles; Balling, Rudi; Schneider, Reinhard (Springer Nature, 2020)
      We announce the COVID-19 Disease Map (https://doi.org/10.17881/covid19-disease-map), an effort to build a comprehensive, standardized knowledge repository of SARS-CoV-2 virus-host interaction mechanisms, guided by input ...
    • Death domain signaling by disulfide-linked dimers of the p75 neurotrophin receptor mediates neuronal death in the CNS 

      Tanaka, Kazuhiro; Kelly, Claire E.; Goh, Ket Yin; Lim, Kim Buay; Ibanez, Carlos F. (Society for Neuroscience, 2016-05-18)
      The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) mediates neuronal death in response to neural insults by activating a caspase apoptotic pathway. The oligomeric state and activation mechanism that enable p75NTR to mediate these ...
    • Declaration on mental health in Africa : moving to implementation 

      Daar, Abdallah S.; Jacobs, Marian; Wall, Stig; Groenewald, Johann; Eaton, Julian; Patel, Vikram; Dos Santos, Palmira; Kagee, Ashraf; Gevers, Anik; Sunkel, Charlene; Andrews, Gail; Daniels, Ingrid; Ndetei, David (Co-Action Publishing, 2014-06-16)
      Urgent action is needed to address mental health issues globally. In Africa, where mental health disorders account for a huge burden of disease and disability, and where in general less than 1% of the already small health ...
    • “Deeper into a hole?” : borrowing and lending in South Africa 

      James, Deborah (University of Chicago Press Journals, 2014-08)
      In South Africa, with upward mobility much aspired to but seldom attained, householders must spend money they have not yet earned. Borrowing both from formal institutions and smaller moneylenders (legal and illegal) positions ...
    • Demonstration and pantomime in the evolution of teaching 

      Gardenfors, Peter (Frontiers Media, 2017)
      Donald proposes that early Homo evolved mimesis as a new form of cognition. This article investigates the mimesis hypothesis in relation to the evolution of teaching. The fundamental capacities that distinguish hominin ...
    • Developmental origins of health and disease in Africa - influencing early life 

      Davies, Justine Ina; Macnab, Andrew John; Byass, Peter; Norris, Shane A.; Nyirenda, Moffat; Singhal, Atul; Sobngwi, Eugene; Daar, Abdallah S. (Elsevier, 2018)
      It is well established that Africa is undergoing rapid transitions resulting in a triple burden of malnutrition, infectious diseases, and non-communicable diseases (NCDs).1,2 That health systems are unlikely to be able to ...
    • Diffusion markers of dendritic density and arborization in gray matter predict differences in intelligence 

      Genc, Erhan; Fraenz, Christoph; Schluter, Caroline; Friedrich, Patrick; Hossiep, Rudiger; Voelkle, Manuel C.; Ling, Josef M.; Gunturkun, Onur; Jung, Rex E. (Nature Research (part of Springer Nature), 2018)
      Previous research has demonstrated that individuals with higher intelligence are more likely to have larger gray matter volume in brain areas predominantly located in parieto-frontal regions. These findings were usually ...
    • Dissecting long-term glucose metabolism identifies new susceptibility period for metabolic dysfunction in aged mice 

      Chauhan, Anuradha; Weiss, Heike; Koch, Franziska; Ibrahim, Saleh M.; Vera, Julio; Wolkenhauer, Olaf; Tiedge, Markus (Public Library of Science, 2015)
      Metabolic disorders, like diabetes and obesity, are pathogenic outcomes of imbalance in glucose metabolism. Nutrient excess and mitochondrial imbalance are implicated in dysfunctional glucose metabolism with age. We used ...
    • Effectiveness of home-based nutritional counselling and support on exclusive breastfeeding in urban poor settings in Nairobi : a cluster randomized controlled trial 

      Kimani-Murage, Elizabeth W.; Griffiths, Paula L.; Wekesah, Frederick Murunga; Wanjohi, Milka; Muhia, Nelson; Muriuki, Peter; Egondi, Thaddaeus; Kyobutungi, Catherine; Ezeh, Alex C.; McGarvey, Stephen T.; Musoke, Rachel N.; Norris, Shane A.; Madise, Nyovani J. (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2017)
      Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) improves infant health and survival. We tested the effectiveness of a homebased intervention using Community Health Workers (CHWs) on EBF for six months in urban poor settings in ...
    • Enabling multiscale modeling in systems medicine 

      Wolkenhauer, Olaf; Auffray, Charles; Brass, Olivier; Clairambault, Jean; Deutsch, Andreas; Drasdo, Dirk; Gervasio, Francesco; Preziosi, Luigi; Maini, Philip; Marciniak-Czochra, Anna; Kossow, Christina; Kuepfer, Lars; Rateitschak, Katja; Ramis-Conde, Ignacio; Ribba, Benjamin; Schuppert, Andreas; Smallwood, Rod; Stamatakos, Georgios; Winter, Felix; Byrne, Helen (BioMed Central, 2014-03)
      [See article for abstract].
    • Epigenetic regulation of lateralized fetal spinal gene expression underlies hemispheric asymmetries 

      Ocklenburg, Sebastian; Schmitz, Judith; Moinfar, Zahra; Moser, Dirk; Klose, Rena; Lor, Stephanie; Kunz, Georg; Tegenthoff, Martin; Faustmann, Pedro; Francks, Clyde; Epplen, Jorg T.; Kumsta, Robert; Gunturkun, Onur (eLife Sciences Publications, 2017)
      Lateralization is a fundamental principle of nervous system organization but its molecular determinants are mostly unknown. In humans, asymmetric gene expression in the fetal cortex has been suggested as the molecular basis ...
    • Evolution of computational models in BioModels Database and the Physiome Model Repository 

      Scharm, Martin; Gebhardt, Tom; Toure, Vasundra; Bagnacani, Andrea; Salehzadeh-Yazdi, Ali; Wolkenhauer, Olaf; Waltemath, Dagmar (BioMed Central, 2018-04-12)
      ENGLISH SUMMARY : Background: A useful model is one that is being (re)used. The development of a successful model does not finish with its publication. During reuse, models are being modified, i.e. expanded, corrected, and ...
    • Factors influencing the use of supervised delivery services in Garu-Tempane District, Ghana 

      Ganle, John K.; Kombet, Mathew L.; Baatiema, Leonard (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2019-04-27)
      Background: There is evidence that supervised delivery has the potential to improve birth outcomes for both women and newborns. However, not all women especially in low-income settings like Ghana use supervised delivery ...