• Consumer-resource dynamics : quantity, quality, and allocation 

      Getz, Wayne M.; Owen-Smith, Norman (Public Library of Science, 2011-01-20)
      Background: The dominant paradigm for modeling the complexities of interacting populations and food webs is a system of coupled ordinary differential equations in which the state of each species, population, or functional ...
    • A continuous-time persistent random walk model for flocking 

      Escaff, Daniel; Toral, Raul; Van den Broeck, Christian; Lindenberg, Katja (AIP Publishing, 2018)
      A classical random walker is characterized by a random position and velocity. This sort of random walk was originally proposed by Einstein to model Brownian motion and to demonstrate the existence of atoms and molecules. ...
    • Coupling, reinforcement, and speciation 

      Butlin, Roger K.; Smadja, Carole M. (University of Chicago Press, 2018)
      During the process of speciation, populations may diverge for traits and at their underlying loci that contribute barriers to gene flow. These barrier traits and barrier loci underlie individual barrier effects, by which ...
    • COVID-19 Disease map, building a computational repository of SARS-CoV-2 virus-host interaction mechanisms 

      Ostaszewski, Marek; Mazein, Alexander; Gillespie, Marc E.; Kuperstein, Inna; Niarakis, Anna; Hermjakob, Henning; Pico, Alexander R.; Willighagen, Egon L.; Evelo, Chris T.; Hasenauer, Jan; Schreiber, Falk; Drager, Andreas; Demir, Emek; Wolkenhauer, Olaf; Furlong, Laura I.; Barillot, Emmanuel; Dopazo, Joaquin; Orta-Resendiz, Aurelio; Messina, Francesco; Valencia, Alfonso; Funahashi, Akira; Kitano, Hiroaki; Auffray, Charles; Balling, Rudi; Schneider, Reinhard (Springer Nature, 2020)
      We announce the COVID-19 Disease Map (https://doi.org/10.17881/covid19-disease-map), an effort to build a comprehensive, standardized knowledge repository of SARS-CoV-2 virus-host interaction mechanisms, guided by input ...
    • Death domain signaling by disulfide-linked dimers of the p75 neurotrophin receptor mediates neuronal death in the CNS 

      Tanaka, Kazuhiro; Kelly, Claire E.; Goh, Ket Yin; Lim, Kim Buay; Ibanez, Carlos F. (Society for Neuroscience, 2016-05-18)
      The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) mediates neuronal death in response to neural insults by activating a caspase apoptotic pathway. The oligomeric state and activation mechanism that enable p75NTR to mediate these ...
    • Declaration on mental health in Africa : moving to implementation 

      Daar, Abdallah S.; Jacobs, Marian; Wall, Stig; Groenewald, Johann; Eaton, Julian; Patel, Vikram; Dos Santos, Palmira; Kagee, Ashraf; Gevers, Anik; Sunkel, Charlene; Andrews, Gail; Daniels, Ingrid; Ndetei, David (Co-Action Publishing, 2014-06-16)
      Urgent action is needed to address mental health issues globally. In Africa, where mental health disorders account for a huge burden of disease and disability, and where in general less than 1% of the already small health ...
    • “Deeper into a hole?” : borrowing and lending in South Africa 

      James, Deborah (University of Chicago Press Journals, 2014-08)
      In South Africa, with upward mobility much aspired to but seldom attained, householders must spend money they have not yet earned. Borrowing both from formal institutions and smaller moneylenders (legal and illegal) positions ...
    • Demonstration and pantomime in the evolution of teaching 

      Gardenfors, Peter (Frontiers Media, 2017)
      Donald proposes that early Homo evolved mimesis as a new form of cognition. This article investigates the mimesis hypothesis in relation to the evolution of teaching. The fundamental capacities that distinguish hominin ...
    • Developmental origins of health and disease in Africa - influencing early life 

      Davies, Justine Ina; Macnab, Andrew John; Byass, Peter; Norris, Shane A.; Nyirenda, Moffat; Singhal, Atul; Sobngwi, Eugene; Daar, Abdallah S. (Elsevier, 2018)
      It is well established that Africa is undergoing rapid transitions resulting in a triple burden of malnutrition, infectious diseases, and non-communicable diseases (NCDs).1,2 That health systems are unlikely to be able to ...
    • Diffusion markers of dendritic density and arborization in gray matter predict differences in intelligence 

      Genc, Erhan; Fraenz, Christoph; Schluter, Caroline; Friedrich, Patrick; Hossiep, Rudiger; Voelkle, Manuel C.; Ling, Josef M.; Gunturkun, Onur; Jung, Rex E. (Nature Research (part of Springer Nature), 2018)
      Previous research has demonstrated that individuals with higher intelligence are more likely to have larger gray matter volume in brain areas predominantly located in parieto-frontal regions. These findings were usually ...
    • Dissecting long-term glucose metabolism identifies new susceptibility period for metabolic dysfunction in aged mice 

      Chauhan, Anuradha; Weiss, Heike; Koch, Franziska; Ibrahim, Saleh M.; Vera, Julio; Wolkenhauer, Olaf; Tiedge, Markus (Public Library of Science, 2015)
      Metabolic disorders, like diabetes and obesity, are pathogenic outcomes of imbalance in glucose metabolism. Nutrient excess and mitochondrial imbalance are implicated in dysfunctional glucose metabolism with age. We used ...
    • Effectiveness of home-based nutritional counselling and support on exclusive breastfeeding in urban poor settings in Nairobi : a cluster randomized controlled trial 

      Kimani-Murage, Elizabeth W.; Griffiths, Paula L.; Wekesah, Frederick Murunga; Wanjohi, Milka; Muhia, Nelson; Muriuki, Peter; Egondi, Thaddaeus; Kyobutungi, Catherine; Ezeh, Alex C.; McGarvey, Stephen T.; Musoke, Rachel N.; Norris, Shane A.; Madise, Nyovani J. (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2017)
      Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) improves infant health and survival. We tested the effectiveness of a homebased intervention using Community Health Workers (CHWs) on EBF for six months in urban poor settings in ...
    • Effectiveness of the baby-friendly community initiative in promoting exclusive breastfeeding among HIV negative and positive mothers : a randomized controlled trial in Koibatek Sub-County, Baringo, Kenya 

      Samburu, Betty Mogesi; Young, Sera Lewise; Wekesah, Frederick Murunga; Wanjohi, Milkah Njeri; Kimiywe, Judith; Muriuki, Peter; Griffiths, Paula L.; McGarvey, Stephen T.; Madise, Nyovani Janet; Kimani-Murage, Elizabeth W. (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2020-07-14)
      Background: Although the baby-friendly community initiative (BFCI) has been proposed as a community-level approach to improve infant feeding practices, there is little data on its variation in effectiveness by HIV status. ...
    • Enabling multiscale modeling in systems medicine 

      Wolkenhauer, Olaf; Auffray, Charles; Brass, Olivier; Clairambault, Jean; Deutsch, Andreas; Drasdo, Dirk; Gervasio, Francesco; Preziosi, Luigi; Maini, Philip; Marciniak-Czochra, Anna; Kossow, Christina; Kuepfer, Lars; Rateitschak, Katja; Ramis-Conde, Ignacio; Ribba, Benjamin; Schuppert, Andreas; Smallwood, Rod; Stamatakos, Georgios; Winter, Felix; Byrne, Helen (BioMed Central, 2014-03)
      [See article for abstract].
    • Epigenetic regulation of lateralized fetal spinal gene expression underlies hemispheric asymmetries 

      Ocklenburg, Sebastian; Schmitz, Judith; Moinfar, Zahra; Moser, Dirk; Klose, Rena; Lor, Stephanie; Kunz, Georg; Tegenthoff, Martin; Faustmann, Pedro; Francks, Clyde; Epplen, Jorg T.; Kumsta, Robert; Gunturkun, Onur (eLife Sciences Publications, 2017)
      Lateralization is a fundamental principle of nervous system organization but its molecular determinants are mostly unknown. In humans, asymmetric gene expression in the fetal cortex has been suggested as the molecular basis ...
    • Evolution of computational models in BioModels Database and the Physiome Model Repository 

      Scharm, Martin; Gebhardt, Tom; Toure, Vasundra; Bagnacani, Andrea; Salehzadeh-Yazdi, Ali; Wolkenhauer, Olaf; Waltemath, Dagmar (BioMed Central, 2018-04-12)
      ENGLISH SUMMARY : Background: A useful model is one that is being (re)used. The development of a successful model does not finish with its publication. During reuse, models are being modified, i.e. expanded, corrected, and ...
    • Factors influencing the use of supervised delivery services in Garu-Tempane District, Ghana 

      Ganle, John K.; Kombet, Mathew L.; Baatiema, Leonard (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2019-04-27)
      Background: There is evidence that supervised delivery has the potential to improve birth outcomes for both women and newborns. However, not all women especially in low-income settings like Ghana use supervised delivery ...
    • General criterion for harmonicity 

      Proesmans, Karel; Vandebroek, Hans; Van Den Broeck, Christian (American Physical Society, 2017)
      Inspired by Kubo-Anderson Markov processes, we introduce a new class of transfer matrices whose largest eigenvalue is determined by a simple explicit algebraic equation. Applications include the free energy calculation for ...
    • How spatial scale shapes the generation and management of multiple ecosystem services 

      Lindborg, Regina; Gordon, Line J.; Malinga, Rebecka; Bengtsson, Jan; Peterson, Garry; Bommarco, Riccardo; Deutsch, Lisa; Gren, Asa; Rundlof, Maj; Smith, Henrik G. (Ecological Society of America, 2017)
      The spatial extent of ecological processes has consequences for the generation of ecosystem services related to them. However, management often fails to consider issues of scale when targeting ecological processes underpinning ...
    • Image-based mHealth for remote diagnostic assistance a means to promote equity in quality care 

      Laflamme, Lucie (Taylor & Francis Open, 2017)
      No abstract