Occupational exposure to human immunodeficiency virus in pediatricians: A previously undescribed high risk group
The risk of occupational HIV exposure in doctors caring for children with HIV infection is unknown. We conducted a retrospective survey among doctors at the Tygerberg Children's Hospital during September 2001, documenting occupational exposure in the previous 2 years. The overall incidence of needle stick injuries was 62%, but it increased to 91% in junior doctors. More than 50% of junior doctors recorded occupational HIV exposure. The areas of highest risk were the pediatric and neonatal intensive care units. All doctors received postexposure prophylaxis.