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Unusual distribution of childhood cancer in Namibia

dc.contributor.authorWessels G.
dc.contributor.authorHesseling P.B.
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-15T16:17:37Z
dc.date.available2011-05-15T16:17:37Z
dc.date.issued1996
dc.identifier.citationPediatric Hematology and Oncology
dc.identifier.citation13
dc.identifier.citation1
dc.identifier.issn08880018
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/14297
dc.description.abstractA survey of childhood cancer was undertaken in Namibia from 1983 to 1988 to record all tumors in children less than 15 years of age. The national incidence of childhood cancer in the republic of Namibia was 55.5 per million children. The overall incidence rate was 73.3 per million in urban and densely populated areas, and 44.4 per million in the rural areas. This differences was not statistically significant. The relatively high 75 per million overall incidence of tumors amongst the white population group was probably due to the generally higher socio-economic status and concomitant good medical care of this ethnic group during the study period. The significantly higher overall incidence of tumors (109 per million) recorded in the Rehoboth ethnic group, however, could not be accounted for by socioeconomic status or better health care facilities and remains unexplained. The cause of the increased incidence of central nervous system tumors in the Herero (26 per million) and osteosarcomas in the Kavango (11 per million) ethnic groups is also not clear and warrants further research. The apparent geographical clusters of tumors in northern and central Namibia was caused by the irregular distribution of the population.
dc.subjectadolescent
dc.subjectarticle
dc.subjectcancer epidemiology
dc.subjectcancer incidence
dc.subjectcentral nervous system tumor
dc.subjectchild
dc.subjectchildhood cancer
dc.subjectethnic difference
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjectinfant
dc.subjectmajor clinical study
dc.subjectnamibia
dc.subjectosteosarcoma
dc.subjectsocioeconomics
dc.subjectAdolescent
dc.subjectChild
dc.subjectChild, Preschool
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectIncidence
dc.subjectInfant
dc.subjectInfant, Newborn
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectNeoplasms
dc.subjectSouth Africa
dc.titleUnusual distribution of childhood cancer in Namibia
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionArticle


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