Lafora-body disease with optic atrophy, macular degeneration and cardiac failure

De Graaf A.S. ; Ancker E. ; Rutherfoord G.S. ; Van der Walt J.J. ; Rossouw D.J. (1989)


A 17-year-old boy was admitted to hospital in acute cardiac failure and psychosis. The clinical course, EEG records and tissue diagnosis, including biopsies of brain, skin, skeletal muscle, peripheral nerve and liver were compatible with Lafora-body disease (LBD). Unusual features were those of optic atrophy and macular degeneration, signs generally regarded as negative criteria for the diagnosis of this disease. We also present the findings on endomyocardial biopsy which was performed because cardiac failure as an early symptom of LBD has not been previously described. The patient died in status epilepticus a few months after discharge from hospital.

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