Acute cerebellitis complicated by hydrocephalus and impending cerebral herniation

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Show simple item record van Toorn R. Georgallis P. Schoeman J. 2011-05-15T16:16:53Z 2011-05-15T16:16:53Z 2004
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Child Neurology
dc.identifier.citation 19
dc.identifier.citation 11
dc.identifier.issn 08830738
dc.description.abstract We present a 7-year-old boy with acute cerebellitis who required an emergency ventriculoperitoneal shunt for hydrocephalus caused by cerebellar swelling. This represents a very unusual, potentially life-threatening complication of a usually self-limiting condition. Early diagnosis of this complication is essential in view of the propensity to sudden and fatal deterioration. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is useful in differentiating this unusual course of acute cerebellar ataxia from that of a posterior fossa tumor. In developing countries, however, computed tomography (CT) is often the only existing diagnostic modality and access to MRI, when available, is limited. Our case demonstrates that the shape of the fourth ventricle on CT can be helpful in differentiating between a tumor and edema of the cerebellum and thus can assist in management.
dc.subject acute cerebellitis
dc.subject article
dc.subject brain edema
dc.subject brain hernia
dc.subject brain ventricle
dc.subject brain ventricle peritoneum shunt
dc.subject case report
dc.subject cerebellar ataxia
dc.subject cerebellum disease
dc.subject cerebrospinal fluid examination
dc.subject computer assisted tomography
dc.subject differential diagnosis
dc.subject early diagnosis
dc.subject follow up
dc.subject headache
dc.subject human
dc.subject hydrocephalus
dc.subject male
dc.subject nuclear magnetic resonance imaging
dc.subject posterior cranial fossa tumor
dc.subject priority journal
dc.subject school child
dc.subject vomiting
dc.subject Brain Edema
dc.subject Cerebellar Ataxia
dc.subject Cerebellar Diseases
dc.subject Cerebellum
dc.subject Child
dc.subject Diagnosis, Differential
dc.subject Early Diagnosis
dc.subject Encephalocele
dc.subject Fourth Ventricle
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Hydrocephalus
dc.subject Magnetic Resonance Imaging
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Neurologic Examination
dc.subject Patient Care Team
dc.subject Prognosis
dc.subject Remission, Spontaneous
dc.subject Tomography, X-Ray Computed
dc.subject Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt
dc.title Acute cerebellitis complicated by hydrocephalus and impending cerebral herniation
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Article
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