Acute cerebellitis complicated by hydrocephalus and impending cerebral herniation
van Toorn R.
MetadataShow full item record
We present a 7-year-old boy with acute cerebellitis who required an emergency ventriculoperitoneal shunt for hydrocephalus caused by cerebellar swelling. This represents a very unusual, potentially life-threatening complication of a usually self-limiting condition. Early diagnosis of this complication is essential in view of the propensity to sudden and fatal deterioration. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is useful in differentiating this unusual course of acute cerebellar ataxia from that of a posterior fossa tumor. In developing countries, however, computed tomography (CT) is often the only existing diagnostic modality and access to MRI, when available, is limited. Our case demonstrates that the shape of the fourth ventricle on CT can be helpful in differentiating between a tumor and edema of the cerebellum and thus can assist in management.
Please cite this item using this persistent URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/13976
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
α2-adrenoceptor mediated inhibition of [3H]dopamine release from nucleus accumbens slices and monoamine levels in a rat model for attention- deficit hyperactivity disorder De Villiers A.S.; Russell V.A.; Sagvolden T.; Searson A.; Jaffer A.; Taljaard J.J.F.; De Villiers A.S.; Russell V.A.; Sagvolden T.; Searson A.; Jaffer A.; Taljaard J.J.F. (1995)The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been proposed as an animal model for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The behavioural problems have been suggested to be secondary to altered reinforcement ...
Brain uptake of iodine-131 metaiodobenzylguanidine following therapy of malignant pheochromocytoma Dwamena B.A.; Zempel S.; Klopper J.F.; Van Heerden B.; Wieland D.; Shapiro B.; Dwamena B.A.; Zempel S.; Klopper J.F.; Van Heerden B.; Wieland D.; Shapiro B. (1998)Intracranial metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) uptake is occasionally and only faintly visualized on diagnostic studies. Recently, intense normal cerebellar uptake was described on posttherapy MIBG images. Experience at the ...
du Plessis J.; Andronikou S.; Wieselthaler N.; Theron S.; George R.; Mapukata A. (2007)Background: Intracranial tuberculous (TB) abscesses still cause a diagnostic dilemma on both CT and MRI as they may mimic neoplasms. Recognition of TB abscesses may prompt further imaging and appropriate trial of therapy, ...