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Prospective evaluation of World Health Organization criteria to assist diagnosis of tuberculosis in children

dc.contributor.authorHouwert K.A.F.
dc.contributor.authorBorggreven P.A.
dc.contributor.authorSchaaf H.S.
dc.contributor.authorNel E.
dc.contributor.authorDonald P.R.
dc.contributor.authorStolk J.
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-15T16:16:24Z
dc.date.available2011-05-15T16:16:24Z
dc.date.issued1998
dc.identifier.citationEuropean Respiratory Journal
dc.identifier.citation11
dc.identifier.citation5
dc.identifier.issn09031936
dc.identifier.other10.1183/09031936.98.11051116
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/13766
dc.description.abstractBecause of the difficulty in confirming childhood tuberculosis (TB), the World Health Organization (WHO) proposes a hierarchical approach to diagnosis using history and certain clinical features to help to improve the control of TB in communities. The objective of this study was to evaluate prospectively in children the diagnostic value of recent weight loss or failure to gain weight adequately, cough or wheezing for >2 weeks and recent household contact with an adult case of pulmonary TB. These evaluations were performed in 627 children presenting to the paediatric outpatient department of a tertiary hospital situated in the Western Cape Province of South Africa and serving a community with a very high incidence of TB (>1,000 per 100,000). If at least one of the criteria was present, the diagnosis of TB was investigated further by clinical investigation, Mantoux test, chest radiography and TB culture from gastric aspirate. One or more of the proposed criteria for diagnosing TB in childhood were present in 206 children (33%). TB confirmed by culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from gastric aspirate was found in 10 children (5%). After diagnostic work-up, 23 children (11%) were considered to have probable TB, whereas 173 (84%) were, after follow-up of 8 weeks, thought not to have TB. In this study the simultaneous presence of the three WHO criteria for suspecting TB had a positive predictive value of 63%. These results should assist in the more precise delineation of the predictive value of the proposed World Health Organization approach to the diagnosis of tuberculosis in childhood.
dc.subjectarticle
dc.subjectbacterium culture
dc.subjectchild
dc.subjectclinical feature
dc.subjectcontrolled study
dc.subjectdiagnostic value
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjectmajor clinical study
dc.subjectmycobacterium tuberculosis
dc.subjectpractice guideline
dc.subjectpreschool child
dc.subjectpriority journal
dc.subjectschool child
dc.subjectstomach suction
dc.subjecttuberculin test
dc.subjecttuberculosis
dc.subjectweight reduction
dc.subjectworld health organization
dc.subjectEvaluation Studies
dc.subjectGastrointestinal Contents
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectInfant
dc.subjectMycobacterium tuberculosis
dc.subjectPredictive Value of Tests
dc.subjectProspective Studies
dc.subjectRadiography, Thoracic
dc.subjectSouth Africa
dc.subjectSuction
dc.subjectTuberculin Test
dc.subjectTuberculosis
dc.subjectWorld Health Organization
dc.titleProspective evaluation of World Health Organization criteria to assist diagnosis of tuberculosis in children
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionArticle


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