Peripheral vascular complications of cardiac catheterisation
The number of cardiac catheterisations performed annually in South Africa is currently unknown. These include percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasties, intracoronary stent implantations and balloon valvuloplasties. Based on international literature, an estimated several hundred vascular complications (frequently needing surgical repair) will occur per year. The accompanying prolonged admission time, diagnostic procedures and therapy will lead to a significant rise in costs. In this article the possible causes, diagnostic techniques, complications and therapies are discussed. Suggestions are made on how vascular complications can possibly be prevented.