Rat brain hypothalamic and hippocampal monoamine and hippocampal β-adrenergic receptor changes during pregnancy

Rat brain hypothalamic and hippocampal monoamine and hippocampal β-adrenergic receptor changes during pregnancy

Glaser J. ; Russell V.A. ; Taljaard J.J.F. ; Glaser J. ; Russell V.A. ; Taljaard J.J.F. (1992)

Article

Article

The concentration of noradrenaline (NA), dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT), and their metabolites was measured in hypothalamic and hippocampal brain tissue obtained from non-pregnant, 15- or 20-day pregnant and 4-day postpartum rats. At 20 days of pregnancy, hypothalamic NA and DA concentrations were significantly decreased and their turnover increased relative to postpartum and estrous values, respectively. Hippocampal 3-methoxy-4-hydroxy-phenylglycol (MHPG) levels were significantly decreased at 15 days of pregnancy and 4 days postpartum compared to estrous and 20-day pregnant levels and the MHPG/NA ratio was significantly reduced at 4 days postpartum relative to the estrous value. Hippocampal 5-HT and 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid (5-H1AA) levels were significantly decreased at 15 days of pregnancy while 5-HIAA levels and the 5-HIAA/5-HT ratio were significantly decreased at 20 days of pregnancy. Hippocampal β-adrenergic receptor density was significantly lower at 4 days postpartum than at 15 days of pregnancy. A positive correlation was observed between plasma progesterone and hippocampal β-adrenoceptor K(d) values, suggesting a possible causal relationship between these two variables. The monoamine and β-adrenoceptor changes which occur during pregnancy may be an important contributing factor in determining the mood changes which occur during pregnancy and postpartum.

The concentration of noradrenaline (NA), dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT), and their metabolites was measured in hypothalamic and hippocampal brain tissue obtained from non-pregnant, 15- or 20-day pregnant and 4-day postpartum rats. At 20 days of pregnancy, hypothalamic NA and DA concentrations were significantly decreased and their turnover increased relative to postpartum and estrous values, respectively. Hippocampal 3-methoxy-4-hydroxy-phenylglycol (MHPG) levels were significantly decreased at 15 days of pregnancy and 4 days postpartum compared to estrous and 20-day pregnant levels and the MHPG/NA ratio was significantly reduced at 4 days postpartum relative to the estrous value. Hippocampal 5-HT and 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid (5-H1AA) levels were significantly decreased at 15 days of pregnancy while 5-HIAA levels and the 5-HIAA/5-HT ratio were significantly decreased at 20 days of pregnancy. Hippocampal β-adrenergic receptor density was significantly lower at 4 days postpartum than at 15 days of pregnancy. A positive correlation was observed between plasma progesterone and hippocampal β-adrenoceptor K(d) values, suggesting a possible causal relationship between these two variables. The monoamine and β-adrenoceptor changes which occur during pregnancy may be an important contributing factor in determining the mood changes which occur during pregnancy and postpartum.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/13464
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