Now showing items 1-10 of 43
Availability and acceptability of HIV counselling and testing services. a qualitative study comparing clients’ experiences of accessing HIV testing at public sector primary health care facilities or non-governmental mobile services in Cape Town, South Africa
(BioMed Central, 2015)
Background: The South African government is striving for universal access to HIV counselling and testing (HCT), a fundamental component of HIV care and prevention. In the Cape Town district, Western Cape Province of South ...
Optimizing mycobacterial culture in smear- negative, human immunodeficiency virus- infected tuberculosis cases
(Public Library of Science, 2015)
Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is a significant public health problem and the diagnosis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—infected individuals is challenging. The use of mycobacterial culture remains an important ...
Comparing tuberculosis diagnostic yield in smear/culture and xpert MTB/RIF-based algorithms using a non-randomised stepped-wedge design
(Public Library of Science, 2016-03)
Setting Primary health services in Cape Town, South Africa. Study Aim To compare tuberculosis (TB) diagnostic yield in an existing smear/culture-based and a newly introduced Xpert MTB/RIF-based algorithm. Methods TB ...
HPTN 071 (PopART) : a cluster-randomized trial of the population impact of an HIV combination prevention intervention including universal testing and treatment : mathematical model
Background: The HPTN 052 trial confirmed that antiretroviral therapy (ART) can nearly eliminate HIV transmission from successfully treated HIV-infected individuals within couples. Here, we present the mathematical modeling ...
Has universal screening with Xpert® MTB/RIF increased the proportion of multidrugresistant tuberculosis cases diagnosed in a routine operational setting?
(Public Library of Science, 2017-02-15)
Setting: Primary health services in Cape Town, South Africa where the introduction of Xpert® MTB/RIF (Xpert) enabled simultaneous screening for tuberculosis (TB) and drug susceptibility in all presumptive cases. Study ...
Characteristics of clients who access mobile compared to clinic HIV counselling and testing services : a matched study from Cape Town, South Africa
(BioMed Central, 2014-12)
Background: Studies within sub-Saharan African countries have shown that mobile services increase uptake of HIV counselling and testing (HCT) services when compared to clinics and are able to access different ...
HIV treatment-as-prevention research : taking the right road at the crossroads
(Public Library of Science, 2015)
No abstract available
Operational challenges in managing Isoniazid Preventive Therapy in child contacts : a high-burden setting perspective
Abstract Background The study was conducted at a high TB-HIV burden primary health community clinic in Cape Town, South Africa. We describe the management of children under five years of age in household contact with a ...
Prevalence of tuberculosis, HIV and respiratory symptoms in two Zambian communities: Implications for tuberculosis control in the era of HIV
(Public Library of Science (PLOS), 2009-05)
Background: The Stop TB Partnership target for tuberculosis is to have reduced the prevalence of tuberculosis by 50% comparing 2015 to 1990. This target is challenging as few prevalence surveys have been conducted, especially ...
Tuberculosis in healthcare workers and infections control measures at primary healthcare facilities in South Africa
(Public Library of Science, 2013-10-02)
Background Challenges exist regarding TB infection control and TB in hospital-based healthcare workers in South Africa. However, few studies report on TB in non-hospital based healthcare workers such as primary or ...