Now showing items 1-10 of 27
HIV treatment-as-prevention research : taking the right road at the crossroads
(Public Library of Science, 2015)
No abstract available
Optimizing mycobacterial culture in smear- negative, human immunodeficiency virus- infected tuberculosis cases
(Public Library of Science, 2015)
Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is a significant public health problem and the diagnosis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—infected individuals is challenging. The use of mycobacterial culture remains an important ...
HPTN 071 (PopART) : a cluster-randomized trial of the population impact of an HIV combination prevention intervention including universal testing and treatment : mathematical model
Background: The HPTN 052 trial confirmed that antiretroviral therapy (ART) can nearly eliminate HIV transmission from successfully treated HIV-infected individuals within couples. Here, we present the mathematical modeling ...
Characteristics of clients who access mobile compared to clinic HIV counselling and testing services : a matched study from Cape Town, South Africa
(BioMed Central, 2014-12)
Background: Studies within sub-Saharan African countries have shown that mobile services increase uptake of HIV counselling and testing (HCT) services when compared to clinics and are able to access different ...
Missed opportunities for retention in pre-ART care in Cape Town, South Africa
(Public Library of Science -- PLoS, 2014-05)
Background: Few studies have evaluated access to and retention in pre-ART care. Objectives: To evaluate the proportion of People Living With HIV (PLWH) in pre-ART and ART care and factors associated with retention in ...
Availability and acceptability of HIV counselling and testing services. a qualitative study comparing clients’ experiences of accessing HIV testing at public sector primary health care facilities or non-governmental mobile services in Cape Town, South Africa
(BioMed Central, 2015)
Background: The South African government is striving for universal access to HIV counselling and testing (HCT), a fundamental component of HIV care and prevention. In the Cape Town district, Western Cape Province of South ...
Has universal screening with Xpert® MTB/RIF increased the proportion of multidrugresistant tuberculosis cases diagnosed in a routine operational setting?
(Public Library of Science, 2017-02-15)
Setting: Primary health services in Cape Town, South Africa where the introduction of Xpert® MTB/RIF (Xpert) enabled simultaneous screening for tuberculosis (TB) and drug susceptibility in all presumptive cases. Study ...
Comparing tuberculosis diagnostic yield in smear/culture and xpert MTB/RIF-based algorithms using a non-randomised stepped-wedge design
(Public Library of Science, 2016-03)
Setting Primary health services in Cape Town, South Africa. Study Aim To compare tuberculosis (TB) diagnostic yield in an existing smear/culture-based and a newly introduced Xpert MTB/RIF-based algorithm. Methods TB ...
Risk factors associated with positive quantiFERON-TB gold in-tube and tuberculin skin tests results in Zambia and South Africa
(Public Library of Science (PLOS), 2011-04)
Introduction: The utility of T-cell based interferon-gamma release assays for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection remains unclear in settings with a high burden of tuberculosis. Objectives: To determine risk ...
Childhood tuberculosis in South Africa : what is the present status?
(Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2007-10)
In a recently published article it was estimated that the incidence of childhood tuberculosis (TB) in the Western Cape was 407 new cases per 100 000 childhood population per year.1 This incidence was approximately half ...