Polymorphism of DNA sequence in the human pro α2(I) collagen gene
The human pro α2(I) collagen gene was analysed for the presence of restriction fragment length polymorphisms. DNA from randomly selected unrelated persons of three Southern African populations was cleaved with one of eight different restriction enzymes, electrophoresed, blotted, and hybridised with cDNA and genomic probes specific for the pro α2(I) gene. An MspI polymorphism was detected which results from the loss of a cleavage site within the 3' half of the gene. In two of the populations studied, the polymorphism occurred at significant frequencies, and should therefore prove useful as a genetic marker for the study of inherited disorders of connective tissue involving collagen structure or biosynthesis.