Coexpression of α-l-arabinofuranosidase and β-glucosidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Monoterpenes are important aroma compounds in grape varieties such as Muscat, Gewürztraminer and Riesling, and are present as either odourless, glycosidically bound complexes or free aromatic monoterpenes. Commercial enzymes can be used to release the monoterpenes, but they commonly consist of crude extracts that often have unwanted and unpredictable side-effects on wine aroma. This project aims to address these problems by the expression and secretion of the Aspergillus awamoriα-l-arabinofuranosidase in combination with either the β-glucosidases from Saccharomycopsis fibuligera or from Aspergillus kawachii in the industrial yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae VIN13. The concentration of five monoterpenes was monitored throughout alcoholic fermentation of Gewürztraminer grapes. The recombinant yeast strains that caused an early boost in the geraniol concentration led to a reduction in the final geraniol levels due to the downregulation of the sterol biosynthetic pathway. Monoterpene concentrations were also analysed 9 and 38 days after racking and the performance of the VB2 and VAB2 recombinant strains was similar, and in many cases, better than that of a commercial enzyme used in the same experiment. The results were backed by sensorial analysis, with the panel preferring the aroma of the wines produced by the VAB2 strain. © 2010 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.