Separation of m-cresol from neutral oils with liquid-liquid extraction

Venter D.L. ; Nieuwoudt I. (1998)

Article

Coal pyrolysis liquors are a major source of valuable phenolic compounds. In this study, the separation of m-cresol from neutral oils by means of liquid-liquid extraction is investigated. Liquid-liquid equilibria for the systems m-cresol + o-toluonitrile + hexane + water + tetraethylene glycol + undecane + dodecane and m-cresol + o-toluonitrile + hexane + water + tetraethylene glycol have been determined at 313.15 K in order to evaluate the suitability of tetraethylene glycol as a high-boiling solvent for the separation of m-cresol from neutral oils. The effect of parameters such as solvent ratios on the desired separation were investigated. These are illustrated on the basis of separation factors, percentage of feed o-toluonitrile remaining in the solvent phase, and percentage recovery of m-cresol. From the experimental results it was concluded that tetraethylene glycol is suitable for the proposed separation. The nonrandom two-liquid model fitted the experimental data satisfactorily. The model was used in the simulation of a multistage extraction column. m-Cresol recoveries of greater than 97% and m-cresol purity of greater than 99.5% were predicted.Coal pyrolysis liquors are a major source of valuable phenolic compounds. In this study, the separation of m-cresol from neutral oils by means of liquid-liquid extraction is investigated. Liquid-liquid equilibria for the systems m-cresol+o-toluonitrile+hexane+water+tetraethylene glycol+undecane+dodecane and m-cresol+o-toluonitrile+hexane+water+tetraethylene glycol have been determined at 313.15 K in order to evaluate the suitability of tetraethylene glycol as a high-boiling solvent for the separation of m-cresol from neutral oils. The effect of parameters such as solvent ratios on the desired separation were investigated. These are illustrated on the basis of separation factors, percentage of feed o-toluonitrile remaining in the solvent phase, and percentage recovery of m-cresol. From the experimental results it was concluded that tetraethylene glycol is suitable for the proposed separation. The nonrandom two-liquid model fitted the experimental data satisfactorily. The model was used in the simulation of a multistage extraction column. m-Cresol recoveries of greater than 97% and m-cresol purity of greater than 99.5% were predicted.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/12164
This item appears in the following collections: