Mammalian exocrine secretions XVI. Constituents of secretion of supplementary sacculi of dwarf hamster, Phodopus sungorus sungorus
As a first step in a study of the role of the secretion of the supplementary sacculi (buccal secretion) of the dwarf hamster, Phodopus sungorus sungorus, almost complete chemical characterization of the secretion was achieved. The 35 compounds identified include carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, a large number of carboxylic acids (representing the bulk of the organic volatile fraction of the secretion), phenol, 2-piperidone, indole, two long-chain hydroxyesters, cholestrol, desmosterol, and lanosterol. The position of the double bonds in γ-icosadienyl-γ-butyrolactone and γ-henicosadienyl-γ-butyrolactone could not be determined, and these two compounds remained only partially characterized. Large variations were found in the relative concentrations in which the short-chain carboxylic acids are present in the secretions of individual animals, and although this aspect was not investigated in sufficient detail in the present investigation, the difference in the carboxylic acid profiles of the secretions of individual animals could play a role in individual recognition in this animal.