Boza, a natural source of probiotic lactic acid bacteria
Aims: To evaluate the probiotic properties of strains isolated from boza, a traditional beverage produced from cereals. Methods and Results: The strains survived low pH conditions (pH 3.0), grew well at pH 9.0 and were not inhibited by the presence of 0.3% (w/v) oxbile. Cytotoxicity levels of the bacteriocins, expressed as CC50, ranged from 38 to 3776 μg ml-1. Bacteriocin bacST284BZ revealed high activity (EC50 = 735 μg ml-1) against herpes simplex virus type 1. Growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was 69% repressed after 5 days in the presence of bacST194BZ. Various levels of auto-cell aggregation and co-aggregation with Listeria innocua LMG 13568 were observed. Adhesion of the probiotic strains to HT-29 cells ranged from 18 to 22%. Conclusions: Boza is a rich source of probiotic lactic acid bacteria. All strains survived conditions simulating the gastrointestinal tract and produced bacteriocins active against a number of pathogens. Adherence to HT-29 and Caco-2 cells was within the range reported for Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, a well-known probiotic. In addition, the high hydrophobicity readings recorded define the strains as good probiotics. Significance and Impact of the Study: Boza contains a number of different probiotic lactic acid bacteria and could be marketed as a functional food product. © 2007 The Authors.