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Efukwini : sacredness and the aesthetics of birth amongst amaXhosa

dc.contributor.authorPenxa-Matholeni, Nobuntuen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-12T13:26:04Z
dc.date.available2021-02-12T13:26:04Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationPenxa-Matholeni, N. 2019. Efukwini : sacredness and the aesthetics of birth amongst amaXhosa. Stellenbosch Theological Journal, 5(2):425-436, doi:10.17570/stj.Supp. 2019.v5n2.a22
dc.identifier.issn2413-9467 (online)
dc.identifier.issn2413-9459 (print)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.17570/stj.Supp. 2019.v5n2.a22
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/109558
dc.descriptionCITATION: Penxa-Matholeni, N. 2019. Efukwini : sacredness and the aesthetics of birth amongst amaXhosa. Stellenbosch Theological Journal, 5(2):425-436, doi:10.17570/stj.Supp. 2019.v5n2.a22.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at https://ojs.reformedjournals.co.za/stj
dc.description.abstractEfukwini is an IsiXhosa concept that refers to a birthplace in an umXhosa home. It is where the mother and her new-born will spend the first 10 days of his/her life away from the rest of society, attended to by a select group of older women or guardians. During this time, the child will be given a name and ukuwisa (the falling off of the stump of the umbilical cord) which is called inkaba is expected to take place. In short, this ritual takes the foetus from birth to babyhood. Similarly, a parallel can be drawn between ulwaluko (the initiation ritual), which takes a boy to manhood. Newly graduated initiates are referred to as amakrwala, a name bestowed upon them during the process of ulwaluko. The young male initiates are to remain inside the ceremonial home for the first week. Both these rituals are considered sacred among the amaXhosa people. However, in more recent times, the birth ritual has lost its appeal. This articletherefore seeks to discuss, explain and theorize the purpose and meaning of the practice of efukwini from a narrative pastoral care perspective. A secondary aim is to understand why less emphasis has been placed on the ritual of  childbirth while the practice of ulwaluko has survived the transition into modern day IsiXhosa culture.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttps://ojs.reformedjournals.co.za/stj/article/view/1937
dc.format.extent12 pages
dc.language.isoenen_ZA
dc.publisherPieter de Waal Neethling Trust
dc.subjectRitualen_ZA
dc.subjectPastoral careen_ZA
dc.subjectEfukwinien_ZA
dc.titleEfukwini : sacredness and the aesthetics of birth amongst amaXhosaen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderPieter de Waal Neethling Trust


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