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Pressure–temperature history of the >3 Ga Tartoq Greenstone belt in Southwest Greenland and its implications for Archaean tectonics

dc.contributor.authorVan Hinsberg, Vincenten_ZA
dc.contributor.authorCrotty, Catherineen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorRoozen, Stanen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorSzilas, Kristofferen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorKisters, Alexanderen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-21T07:45:33Z
dc.date.available2020-12-21T07:45:33Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationVan Hinsberg, V. et al. 2018. Pressure–temperature history of the >3 Ga Tartoq Greenstone belt in Southwest Greenland and its implications for Archaean tectonics. Geosciences, 8:367, doi:10.3390/geosciences8100367.
dc.identifier.issn2076-3263 (online)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.3390/geosciences8100367
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/108974
dc.descriptionCITATION: Van Hinsberg, V. et al. 2018. Pressure–temperature history of the >3 Ga Tartoq Greenstone belt in Southwest Greenland and its implications for Archaean tectonics. Geosciences, 8:367, doi:10.3390/geosciences8100367.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at https://www.mdpi.com
dc.description.abstractThe Tartoq greenstone belt of southwest Greenland represents a well-preserved section through >3 Ga old oceanic crust and has the potential to provide important constraints on the composition and geodynamics of the Archaean crust. Based on a detailed structural examination, it has been proposed that the belt records an early style of horizontal convergent plate tectonics where elevated temperatures, compared to the modern-day, led to repeated aborted subduction and tonalite–trondhjemite–granodiorite (TTG) type melt formation. This interpretation hinges on pressure–temperature (P–T) constraints for the belt, for which only preliminary estimates are currently available. Here, we present a detailed study of the pressure–temperature conditions and metamorphic histories for rocks from all fragments of the Tartoq belt using pseudosection modelling and geothermobarometry. We show that peak conditions are predominantly amphibolite facies, but range from 450 to 800 °C at up to 7.5 kbar; reaching anatexis with formation of TTG-type partial melts in the Bikuben segment. Emplacement of the Tartoq segments into the host TTG gneisses took place at approximately 3 Ga at 450–500 °C and 4 kbar as constrained from actinolite–chlorite–epidote–titanite–quartz parageneses, and was followed by extensive hydrothermal retrogression related to formation of shear zone-hosted gold mineralisation. Tourmaline thermometry and retrograde assemblages in mafic and ultramafic lithologies constrain this event to 380 ± 50 °C at a pressure below 1 kbar. Our results show that the convergent tectonics recorded by the Tartoq belt took place at a P–T gradient markedly shallower than that of modern-day subduction, resulting in a hot, weak and buoyant slab unable to generate and transfer ‘slab pull’, nor sustain a single continuous downgoing slab. The Tartoq belt suggests that convergence was instead accomplished by under-stacking of slabs from repeated aborted subduction. The shallow P–T path combined with thermal relaxation following subduction stalling subsequently resulted in partial melting and formation of TTG melts.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/2076-3263/8/10/367
dc.format.extent21 pages : illustrationsen_ZA
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.subjectGreenstone belts -- Greenlanden_ZA
dc.subjectGeology -- Greenlanden_ZA
dc.subjectGeology, Stratigraphic -- Archaen -- Greenlanden_ZA
dc.subjectGeology, Stratigraphic -- Archaean -- Greenlanden_ZA
dc.subjectGeology, Stratigraphic -- Archaen -- Greenlanden_ZA
dc.subjectMetamorphic rocks -- Greenlanden_ZA
dc.subjectRocks, Metamorphic -- Greenlanden_ZA
dc.subjectTaroq greenstone belts -- Greenlanden_ZA
dc.titlePressure–temperature history of the >3 Ga Tartoq Greenstone belt in Southwest Greenland and its implications for Archaean tectonicsen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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