ITEM VIEW

Development of a method to enhance granulation in a laboratory batch system

dc.contributor.authorBritz T.J.
dc.contributor.authorVan Schalkwyk C.
dc.contributor.authorRoos P.
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-15T15:58:12Z
dc.date.available2011-05-15T15:58:12Z
dc.date.issued2002
dc.identifier.citationWater SA
dc.identifier.citation28
dc.identifier.citation1
dc.identifier.issn3784738
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/10826
dc.description.abstractThe success and efficiency of the UASB process are dependent on the formation of active granular biomass and since this is a slow process, one of the main problems in the application of the technology remains the long start-up periods. Batch cultures with lactate, glucose or sucrose as substrate, were seeded with anaerobic sludge and incubated in shake waterbaths over a period of 14 d. For all substrates, a drop in pH within the first 2 d was experienced. In the glucose and sucrose units the pH dropped to 6.0 and to below 5.5, respectively within the first 24 h. Thereafter, a continual drop was experienced, eventually resulting in system acidification. With the lactate units, the pH dropped to 6.5 by Day 2, with a subsequent climb unit the pH-stabilised around 6.7 to 6.9. The volatile fatty acid (VFA) profiles of all the units showed an increase of acetic and propionic acids, with the latter at the highest concentration during the first 5 d, corresponding to the decrease in pH. An increase in granulation was observed for the glucose (354%) and lactate (559%) units, but no granulation increase was found for the sucrose units. The increase in granule formation indicated that granulation may be enhanced in batch systems over a shorter period and that the granulation process is facilitated by a rapid drop in pH at the start, resulting from the major increase in propionic and acetic acids, followed by a subsequent increase and stabilisation in pH, and an increase followed by a steady decrease in propionic and acetic acid concentration until the formation stabilised.
dc.subjectBiomass
dc.subjectFatty acids
dc.subjectGlucose
dc.subjectpH effects
dc.subjectSewage sludge
dc.subjectSugar (sucrose)
dc.subjectWater bath
dc.subjectGranulation
dc.subjectbatch process
dc.subjecteffluent treatment
dc.subjectfatty acid
dc.subjectgranulation
dc.subjectpH
dc.subjectsludge
dc.subjectUASB reactor
dc.subjectBacteria (microorganisms)
dc.titleDevelopment of a method to enhance granulation in a laboratory batch system
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionArticle


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

ITEM VIEW