Independence of anti‑corruption agencies : a comparative study of South Africa and India
CITATION: Chetty, J. & Pillay, P. 2017. Independence of anti‑corruption agencies : a comparative study of South Africa and India. African Journal of Public Affairs, 9(8):105-120.
The original publication is available at https://journals.co.za/content/journal/ajpa_v9_n8
The article attempts to dissect the independence of anti-corruption agencies and the reasons for their operational successes and challenges. This brief examination of legislative and regulatory frameworks is important as a reflection of their impartiality and effectiveness. The case studies upon which the research is based, are the Special Investigatings Unit (SIU) in South Africa, and the Civil Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in India. In the process, their key functions, operations, financial independence and priorities are examined. The research undertaken is based on the qualitative, interpretative frame of reference that is based on the thorough study and analysis of primary and secondary documents and person to person interviews with nationally and internationally–based researchers and experts on the issues under investigation. The analysis relies on a comparative examination of the agencies in terms of a number of issues of national and international importance as related to the fight against corruption. The comparison indicates that different levels of independence exist, and that a number of issues and problems present serious challenges in a successful fight against corruption.