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Economic risks due to declining water quality in the Breede River catchment

dc.contributor.authorCullis, James D. S.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorRossouw, Nicoen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorDu Toit, Geoffen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorPetrie, Danielen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorWolfaardt, Gideonen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorDe Clercq, Willemen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHorn, Annabelen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-15T07:56:51Z
dc.date.available2019-11-15T07:56:51Z
dc.date.issued2018-07-03
dc.identifier.citationCullis, J. D. S., et al. 2018. Economic risks due to declining water quality in the Breede River catchment. Water SA, 44(3):464-473, doi:10.4314/wsa.v44i3.14en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn1816-7950 (online)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.4314/wsa.v44i3.14
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/106840
dc.descriptionCITATION: Cullis, J. D. S., et al. 2018. Economic risks due to declining water quality in the Breede River catchment. Water SA, 44(3):464-473, doi:10.4314/wsa.v44i3.14.en_ZA
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.wrc.org.zaen_ZA
dc.description.abstractWater is a critical resource necessary to support social and economic development. Economic growth and, in particular, the growth of urban and peri-urban areas, however results in declining water quality which threatens water-dependent industries. In developing countries this is a particular concern due to the rapid rate of urbanisation and the limited financial resources and technical capabilities to adequately maintain and upgrade wastewater treatment works. This is particularly relevant in catchments with a high dependence on export-orientated agriculture. This study considered water quality risks in the Breede River catchment as an area which experiences significant urban and peri-urban growth, focusing on economic risks associated with declining water quality, estimates of the costs needed to rehabilitate existing wastewater treatment works, and alternative strategies such as the use of artificial wetlands, the rehabilitation and protection of natural wetlands, as well as the clearing of invasive alien plants. A major conclusion is that the financial risk associated with a declining economy and social instability outweighs the costs that will be needed for rehabilitation of existing treatment plants. Together with more pronounced fluctuations in precipitation anticipated with climate change, these risks due to declining water quality are likely to increase in future with continued urban and peri-urban growth.en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorshipDepartment of Environmental Affairs and Development Planning (DEA&DP)en_ZA
dc.description.urihttps://www.watersa.net/article/view/6638
dc.format.extent10 pages : illustrations, mapen_ZA
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherSouth African Water Research Commissionen_ZA
dc.subjectWater qualityen_ZA
dc.subjectWater -- Economical aspectsen_ZA
dc.subjectWaste water treatment worksen_ZA
dc.subjectWater -- Pollutionen_ZA
dc.subjectWater -- Breede River catchmenten_ZA
dc.titleEconomic risks due to declining water quality in the Breede River catchmenten_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's versionen_ZA
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyrighten_ZA


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