Browsing Research Articles (Paediatrics and Child Health) by Title

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Browsing Research Articles (Paediatrics and Child Health) by Title

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  • Marais, B. J.   Van Zyl, S.   Schaaf, H. S.   Van Aardt, M. C.   Gie, R. P.   Beyers, N. (BMJ Publishing Group, 2006-09)
    Background: Current international guidelines recommend 6–9 months of isoniazid (INH) preventive chemotherapy to prevent the development of active tuberculosis in children exposed to a susceptible strain of M tuberculosis. ...
  • Zollner, Ekkehard W.   Pitcher, Richard (Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa (JEMDSA), 2008-07)
    Classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency is rare, occurring approximately once in every 15 000 live births.1 At birth it is often suspected in girls because of ambiguous genitalia, ...
  • Delva, Wim   Beauclair, Roxanne   Welte, Alex   Vansteelandt, Stijn   Hens, Niel   Aerts, Marc   Du Toit, Elizabeth   Beyers, Nulda   Temmerman, Marleen (BioMed Central Ltd, 2011)
    Abstract: Background Crucial connections between sexual network structure and the distribution of HIV remain inadequately understood, especially in regard to the role of concurrency and age disparity in relationships, and ...
  • Harris, Tashneem   Bardien, Soraya   Schaaf, H. Simon   Petersen, Lucretia   De Jong, Greetje   Fagan, Johannes J. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2012-06)
    Background. Ototoxicity following aminoglycoside treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), is a significant problem. This study documents the incidence of ototoxicity in HIVpositive and HIV-negative ...
  • Shanaube, Kwame   Sisminidis, Charalambos   Ayles, Helen   Beyers, Nulda   Schaap, Ab   Lawrence, Katherine-Anne   Barker, Annie   Godfrey-Faussett, Peter (Public Library of Science (PLOS), 2009-11)
    Background: The annual risk of tuberculous infection (ARTI) is a key epidemiological indicator of the extent of transmission in a community. Several methods have been suggested to estimate the prevalence of tuberculous ...
  • Gericke G.S.   van der Walt A.   de Jong G. (HMPG, 1978)
    [No abstract available]
  • Jaspan, Heather B.   Huang, Lyen C.   Cotton, Mark F.   Whitelaw, Andrew   Myer, Landon (PLOS, 2008-09-24)
    Background: Serious bacterial infections are a major source of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected children. The spectrum of disease is wide, and responsible organisms vary according to setting. The use of antibiotic ...
  • Hesseling, A. C.   Caldwell, J.   Cotton, M. F.   Eley, B. S.   Jaspan, H. B.   Jennings, K.   Marais, B. J.   Nuttall, J.   Rabie, H.   Roux, P.   Schaaf, H. S. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2009-02)
  • Heydenrych J.J.   Du Toit D.F. (HMPG, 1977-09)
    ABSTRACT: We report an unusual case of bile peritonitis in a child. The literature on bile peritonitis is reviewed, and its treatment is discussed. According to the literature, bile peritonitis has a good prognosis ...
  • Heydenrych, J. J. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 1975-03)
    From 1956 to 1969 we adopted a generous approach pertaining to the quantity of parenteral fluid required for paediatric surgery. Since 1970 we have changed our policy, and we now give smaller quantities during surgery ...
  • Dippenaar, Anel (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2010-07)
    Before the success story of leukaemia treatment started in the 1950s, many patients succumbed to the disease because of severe haemorrhage. A bleeding tendency is one of the hallmarks of haematological malignancies such ...
  • Kruger, Mariana (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2010-07)
    Childhood cancer is rare and comprises only 1% of all cancers. It usually develops from non-ectodermal embryonal tissue. Major improvement in cancer treatment and supportive care in the last 50 years has changed a fatal ...
  • Donald P. R.   Malan C. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 1985)
    The value of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lactate and lactate dehydrogenase (LD) values as aids in differentiating tuberculous meningitis (TBM) from aseptic meningitis has been investigated. Using an upper limit of normal for ...
  • Stefan, Daniela C.   Stones, David K.   Newton, Rob (BioMed Central, 2012-04)
    Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in patient demographics as well as in the relative incidence and outcome of childhood cancers, associated with the HIV infection.
  • Heckmann, J. M.   Hansen, P.   Van Toorn, R.   Lubbe, E.   Janse Van Rensburg, E.   Wilmshurst, J. M. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2012-06)
    Objectives. To report the characteristics of juvenile-onset (<20 years) myasthenia gravis (MG) in Africa. Subjects and methods. Six South African centres collected data which included acetylcholine receptor-antibody ...
  • Le Roux, F. B.   Van Buuren, A. J. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 1978-07)
    A 21-month old infant with endemic syphilis who presented with nephrotic syndrome is described. Clinically, the features correlated well with those of renal disease associated with secondary syphilis. The onset of renal ...
  • Marais, Ben J. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2007-10)
  • Gie, Robert P.   Zar, Heather   Jeena, Prakash   Beyers, Nulda (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 2007-10)
    In a recently published article it was estimated that the incidence of childhood tuberculosis (TB) in the Western Cape was 407 new cases per 100 000 childhood population per year.1 This incidence was approximately half ...
  • Hesseling P. B.   Hoffman H. (HMPG, 1981)
    The applied anatomy of the thoracic duct, the physiology of chyle and the pathogenesis and management of chylothorax are briefly reviewed. Three cases of chylothorax in children (1 neonate, 1) infant who had undergone ...
  • Gericke, G. S.   Steyn, M. F.   Retief, A. E.   Thom, J. C.   Van Niekerk, W. A. (Health and Medical Publishing Group (HMPG), 1975)
    The clinical, cytogenetic and dermatoglyphic findings in a patient with a ring chromosome 21 are presented. This anomaly acts as a deletion of chromosomal material and results in specific congenital defects. A comparison ...