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The correlation between energy cost share, human, and economic development : using time series data from Australasia, Europe, North America, and the BRICS nations

dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Ryanen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorMusango, Josephine Kavitien_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBrent, Alan Colinen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHeun, Matthew Kuperusen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-27T12:28:47Z
dc.date.available2019-05-27T12:28:47Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationRoberts, R., et al. 2018. The correlation between energy cost share, human, and economic development : using time series data from Australasia, Europe, North America, and the BRICS Nations. Energies, 11(9):2405, doi:10.3390/en11092405
dc.identifier.issn1996-1073 (online)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.3390/en11092405
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/106267
dc.descriptionCITATION: Roberts, R., et al. 2018. The correlation between energy cost share, human, and economic development : using time series data from Australasia, Europe, North America, and the BRICS Nations. Energies, 11(9):2405, doi:10.3390/en11092405.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.mdpi.com/journal/energies
dc.description.abstractThis paper investigates how a change in a region’s energy cost share (ECS), a ratio of a region’s energy expenditure as a fraction of its gross domestic product (GDP), affects the region’s social and economic development. Nations from four regions of the world, namely Australasia, Europe, North America, and the BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) were chosen for this study. Using time series data from the period of 1978 to 2010, the annual ECS of each country was compared to the year-on-year GDP change, as well as the components of the human development index (HDI). High ECS values were seen to correlate with low economic development. The existence of an ECS threshold was found in 14 of the 15 countries, for all the regions, and for the worldwide analysis, with very strong correlation coefficients obtained for periods of high ECS. New to this field of research, this study also investigated the effects of ECS on gross national income (GNI) per capita change, as well as the effects of 0, 1, 2, and 3 year lags. This investigation found that ECS has a very strong correlation to GNI per capita change, which was much stronger than the correlation between ECS and GDP change. The effects of ECS on social and economic development occurred after varying time lags, and it is unique to each country and region. Regions with similar ECS dynamics were identified, with possible reasons for the similarities being provided.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/11/9/2405
dc.format.extent15 pages ; illustrations
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.subjectEnergy consumption -- Economic aspectsen_ZA
dc.subjectEconomic developmenten_ZA
dc.subjectSustainable developmenten_ZA
dc.subjectAustralasiaen_ZA
dc.subjectBRICSen_ZA
dc.subjectEuropean Union countriesen_ZA
dc.subjectNorth Americaen_ZA
dc.titleThe correlation between energy cost share, human, and economic development : using time series data from Australasia, Europe, North America, and the BRICS nationsen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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