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Dietary intake, nutrition, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in the Western Cape Province of South Africa

dc.contributor.authorMay, Philip A.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorKari J. Hamrick, Kari J.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorCorbin, Karen D.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHasken, Julieen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorMarais, Anna-Susanen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBrooke, Lesley E.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBlankenship, Jasonen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHoyme, H. Eugeneen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorGossage, J. Phillipen_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-12T10:40:43Z
dc.date.available2019-03-12T10:40:43Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.citationMay, P. A., et al. 2014. Dietary intake, nutrition, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Reproductive Toxicology, 46:31-39, doi:10.1016/j.reprotox.2014.02.002
dc.identifier.issn1873-1708 (online)
dc.identifier.issn0890-6238 (print)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.1016/j.reprotox.2014.02.002
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/105549
dc.descriptionCITATION: May, P. A., et al. 2014. Dietary intake, nutrition, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Reproductive Toxicology, 46:31-39, doi:10.1016/j.reprotox.2014.02.002.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at https://www.sciencedirect.com
dc.description.abstractIn this study, we describe the nutritional status of women from a South African community with very high rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Nutrient intake (24-2 hours recall) of mothers of children with FASD was compared to mothers of normal controls. Nutrient adequacy was assessed using Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs). More than 50 percent of all mothers were below the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) for vitamins A, D, E, and C, thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B6, folate, calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc. Mean intakes were below the Adequate Intake (AI) for vitamin K, potassium, and choline. Mothers of children with FASD reported significantly lower intake of calcium, docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), riboflavin, and choline than controls. Lower intake of multiple key nutrients correlates significantly with heavy drinking. Poor diet quality and multiple nutritional inadequacies coupled with prenatal alcohol exposure may increase the risk for FASD in this population.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0890623814000252?via%3Dihub#!
dc.format.extent35 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.subjectNutritionen_ZA
dc.subjectFetal alcohol spectrum disordersen_ZA
dc.subjectAlcoholism in pregnancyen_ZA
dc.titleDietary intake, nutrition, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in the Western Cape Province of South Africaen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPost print
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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