ITEM VIEW

A cross sectional survey to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding seasonal influenza and influenza vaccination among diabetics in Pretoria, South Africa

dc.contributor.authorOlatunbosun, Olawale D.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorEsterhuizen, Tonya M.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorWiysonge, Charles S.en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-02T09:23:31Z
dc.date.available2018-10-02T09:23:31Z
dc.date.issued2017-11-07
dc.identifier.citationOlatunbosun, O. D., Esterhuizen, T. M. & Wiysonge, C. S. 2017. A cross sectional survey to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding seasonal influenza and influenza vaccination among diabetics in Pretoria, South Africa. Vaccine, 35(47):6375-6386, doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.10.006.
dc.identifier.issn0264-410X (online)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.10.006
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/104546
dc.descriptionCITATION: Olatunbosun, O. D., Esterhuizen, T. M. & Wiysonge, C. S. 2017. A cross sectional survey to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding seasonal influenza and influenza vaccination among diabetics in Pretoria, South Africa. Vaccine, 35(47):6375-6386, doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.10.006.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at https://www.journals.elsevier.com/vaccine
dc.description.abstractBackground: In South Africa, influenza vaccination is recommended to all diabetics. However, vaccinationcoverage among diabetics remains low. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the knowledge, attitudes,and practices among peoplewith diabetes in Pretoria regardingseasonalinfluenza and influenza vaccination.Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus patients whoattended diabetic clinics in two major tertiary hospitals in Pretoria, South Africa from October toDecember 2015. The pilot-tested questionnaire consists of 32 quantitative questions that covered seasonalinfluenza and influenza vaccination in terms of the patient’s demographics, medical history and knowledge,attitudes and practices.Results: A total of 292 completed questionnaires were received with a response rate of 70.0%. Of these, 162participants (55.5%) believed that influenza is the same as common cold. While 96 (32.9%) participants wereawarethatthey were at higherrisk of complicationsof influenza,only 86 (29.5%) participantsconsidered vac-cination as an effective means in preventing seriousinfluenza-relatedcomplication.Even though 167 (57.2%)participants had heard of the vaccine to prevent influenza, only 84 (28.8%) participants were previously vac-cinated. Multivariate analysis shows that participants with good attitude score for influenza vaccinationwere 18.4 times more likely to be vaccinated compared with those with poor attitude score (OR =18.4,95%CI. 5.28–64.10, p = .001). Among those previously vaccinated, advice from their doctors (82/84, 97.6%)was the main factor encouraging vaccination. Top reasons given by participants who had never been vacci-nated before (208/292, 71.2%) include use of alternative protection (107/208, 51.4%) and that vaccination isnot necessary because flu is just a minor illness (93/208, 44.7%).Conclusion: Uptake of seasonal vaccination among diabetics in Pretoria is low. Level of knowledge and per-ception are the main barriers to vaccination. Health care provider’s advice may be an important key predictorof previous influenza vaccination and they should continue to educate and encourage all diabetics to get vac-cinated for influenza at least once yearly.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264410X17313701
dc.format.extent12 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.subjectInfluenza -- Vaccination -- Pretoria (South Africa)en_ZA
dc.subjectDiabetics -- Pretoria (South Africa) -- Attitudesen_ZA
dc.subjectNon-insulin-dependent diabetesen_ZA
dc.titleA cross sectional survey to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding seasonal influenza and influenza vaccination among diabetics in Pretoria, South Africaen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

ITEM VIEW