Halothane genotype and pork quality. 2. Cured meat products of three halothane genotypes

Fisher P. ; Mellett F.D. ; Hoffman L.C. (2000)


The effect of the halothane gene on cured meat products was investigated using the meat from 60 Landrace×Large White pigs of known halothane genotype (NN=25, Nn=19, nn=16). The backs and hams were used to prepare cured, smoked bacon and canned hams. Initial bacon gain in pumped weight was significantly higher (P<0.001) for the NN (15.2%) and Nn (14.9%) compared to the nn pigs (8.9%). Similarly, the total gain in bacon yield was the highest for the Nn (11.5%) and NN pigs (10.0%), and significantly higher (P<0.05) than the bacon from nn pigs (3.4%). Differences between sexes were not significant. Canned hams (no phosphate) from the NN genotype had a significantly (P<0.001) lower percentage cooking loss (27.9%) compared to the Nn (30.1%) and nn pigs (31.1%), which did not differ statistically. Although addition of phosphates (0.3% on final product) led to a decrease in percentage cooking loss, the genotypes gave a similar response, with the NN genotype having 13.8% cooking loss, significantly lower (P<0.001) than the Nn (16.9%) and nn genotypes (17.7%). The results indicate reduced product quality with the inclusion of the halothane gene. © 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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