The effects of selective laser melting scan strategies on deviation of hybrid parts

Hagedorn-Hansen, Devon ; Bezuidenhout, Martin ; Dimitrov, Dimitar ; Oosthuizen, Tiaan (2017)

CITATION: Hagedorn-Hansen, D., et al. 2017. The effects of selective laser melting scan strategies on deviation of hybrid parts. South African Journal of Industrial Engineering, 28(3):200-212, doi:10.7166/28-3-1862.

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The use of additive manufacturing to produce intricate part geometries in the aerospace, medical, and tool-and-die industries is increasingly incorporated in manufacturing process chains. However, the high costs, long production times, and material integrity issues associated with additive manufacturing technologies such as selective laser melting make the process suitable only for certain applications. In order to reduce selective laser melting production costs for selected parts, a combination of selective laser melting and milling can be used. Metal parts produced with this method are referred to as hybrid parts. A challenge in producing hybrid parts is to reduce the geometrical deviation due to process-induced warping. This paper discusses the effects of various laser scan strategies on the deviation of hybrid parts. A newly developed scan strategy is experimentally compared with its commercial counterpart with regard to as-built part warping and porosity. The novel strategy resulted in a significant reduction in warping and porosity.

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