Characterization of bacteriocins produced by two strains of Lactobacillus plantarum isolated from Beloura and Chouriço, traditional pork products from Portugal
Bacteriocins bacST202Ch and bacST216Ch, produced by Lactobacillus plantarum strains isolated from Beloura and Chouriço, respectively, inhibited the growth of a number of Gram-positive and Gram-negative meat spoilage bacteria. According to trycine-SDS-PAGE, bacST202Ch and bacST216Ch are approximately 3.5 and 10.0 kDa in size, respectively. Maximal activity of bacST202Ch (25,600 AU/ml) was recorded after 27 h of and bacST216Ch (102,400 AU/ml) after 22 h of growth. The mode of activity, as determined against Enterococcus faecium HKLHS, is bactericidal. Both peptides adsorb to the surface of the producer cells, but at very low concentrations. Both peptides remained active after 120 min at 100oC and after 2 h of incubation at pH 2.0-12.0. Treatment for 120 min at 121oC did not affect bacST216Ch activity. Activity of bacST202Ch and bacST216Ch was not affected by 1% Triton X-100, Tween 80, Tween 20, SDS, NaCl, urea and EDTA. Bacteriocin ST216Ch was deactivated in the presence of 1% Triton X-114. The nucleotide sequence of a 1044 bp DNA fragment amplified from L. plantarum ST202Ch is identical to the structural gene encoding pediocin PA-1, suggesting that the two bacteriocins are identical. Based on the broad spectrum of antibacterial activity, strains ST202Ch and ST216Ch may be used as starter cultures in the fermentation of meat products. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.