A theoretical foundation for contextualisation in bilingual dictionaries ['n Teoretiese basis vir kontekstualisering in tweetalige woordeboeke]
The main aim of a bilingual dictionary may be regarded as the communicative empowerment of the dictionary user through the presentation of semantic-pragmatic translation equivalents for the purpose of communicative equivalence. When a translation equivalent paradigm is offered, the dictionary user should be assisted in selecting the communicatively appropriate translation equivalent for the purpose of text reception, text production or translation in a specific discourse situation by functional equivalent discriminating entries, i.e. the data presentation in the dictionary should support the user in the application of equivalent discrimination. This article proposes a theoretical foundation for such a presentation, which is based on the relevant literature and dictionary data. The potential of a communicative approach to a user-directed metalexicography is explored in the process. It is established that equivalent discriminating entries in a general bilingual dictionary are presented within the paradigm of context, as lexicographically applied, and specific classes of contextualising entries are identified. The distribution structure of these entries is briefly touched on. A communicative approach emphasises that the communicative success of a dictionary is co-determined by both a well-planned dictionary specific lexicographic process and dictionary use by competent target-users.