Social-ecological resilience and biosphere-based sustainability science

dc.contributor.authorFolke, Carlen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBiggs, Reinetteen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorNorstrom, Albert V.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorReyers, Belindaen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorRockstrom, Johanen_ZA
dc.identifier.citationFolke, C., et al. 2016. Social-ecological resilience and biosphere-based sustainability science. Ecology and Society, 21(3):41, doi:10.5751/ES-08748-210341
dc.identifier.issn1708-3087 (online)
dc.descriptionCITATION: Folke, C., et al. 2016. Social-ecological resilience and biosphere-based sustainability science. Ecology and Society, 21(3):41, doi:10.5751/ES-08748-210341.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at
dc.description.abstractHumanity has emerged as a major force in the operation of the biosphere. The focus is shifting from the environment as externality to the biosphere as precondition for social justice, economic development, and sustainability. In this article, we exemplify the intertwined nature of social-ecological systems and emphasize that they operate within, and as embedded parts of the biosphere and as such coevolve with and depend on it. We regard social-ecological systems as complex adaptive systems and use a social-ecological resilience approach as a lens to address and understand their dynamics. We raise the challenge of stewardship of development in concert with the biosphere for people in diverse contexts and places as critical for long-term sustainability and dignity in human relations. Biosphere stewardship is essential, in the globalized world of interactions with the Earth system, to sustain and enhance our life-supporting environment for human well-being and future human development on Earth, hence, the need to reconnect development to the biosphere foundation and the need for a biosphere-based sustainability science.en_ZA
dc.format.extent16 pages : illustrations
dc.publisherResilience Alliance
dc.subjectBiotic communities -- Structureen_ZA
dc.subjectUrban ecologyen_ZA
dc.subjectSustainable developmenten_ZA
dc.subjectSustainable scienceen_ZA
dc.subjectSustainable biodiversityen_ZA
dc.subjectResilience (Ecology)en_ZA
dc.titleSocial-ecological resilience and biosphere-based sustainability scienceen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright

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