Global research priorities to accelerate early child development in the sustainable development era
CITATION: Dua, T. et al. 2016. Global research priorities to accelerate early child development in the sustainable development era. Lancet Global Health, 4(12):e887–e889, doi:10.1016/S2214-109X(16)30218-2.
The original publication is available at https://www.journals.elsevier.com/the-lancet-global-health
Between 1990 and 2015, the under-5 mortality rate declined by 53%, resulting in approximately 48 million more children reaching their fifth birthday than would have occurred had 1990 mortality rates continued.1 Many of these children, however, continue to live in conditions of adversity—marked by extreme poverty, undernutrition, conflict, and insecurity—and are not afforded the level of care required to ensure that they meet their developmental potential.2 Neuroscience research in the past two decades is unequivocal that the period from conception through early childhood (ie, at least the first 3 years) is foundational in terms of brain development.