ITEM VIEW

Characterisation of non-saccharomyces yeasts using different methodologies and evaluation of their compatibility with malolactic fermentation

dc.contributor.authorDu Plessis, H. W.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorDu Toit, M.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHoff, J. W.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorHart, R. S.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorNdimba, B. K.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorJolly, N. P.en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-11T14:00:47Z
dc.date.available2017-05-11T14:00:47Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationDu Plessis, H. W., et.al 2017. Characterisation of non-saccharomyces yeasts using different methodologies and evaluation of their compatibility with malolactic fermentation. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 38(1):46-63, doi:10.21548/38-1-819
dc.identifier.issn2224-7904 (online)
dc.identifier.issn0253-939X (print)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.21548/38-1-819
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/101528
dc.descriptionCITATION: Du Plessis, H. W., et.al 2017. Characterisation of non-saccharomyces yeasts using different methodologies and evaluation of their compatibility with malolactic fermentation. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 38(1):46-63, doi:10.21548/38-1-819.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajev
dc.description.abstractAlthough Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the yeast species predominantly used for alcoholic fermentation, non-Saccharomyces yeast species are also important because they produce secondary metabolites that can contribute to the final flavour and taste of wines. In this study, 37 strains representing seven non-Saccharomyces species were characterised and evaluated for potential use in wine production, as well as for their effects on malolactic fermentation (MLF). Contour-clamped homogeneous electric field (CHEF) gel electrophoresis and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation using a time-of-flight mass spectrometer (MALDI-TOF MS) were used to verify species identity and to determine intra-species variation. Extracellular enzyme production, malic acid degradation and the fermentation kinetics of the yeasts were also investigated. CHEF karyotyping and MALDI-TOF MS were useful for identifying and typing Hanseniaspora uvarum, Lachancea thermotolerans, Candida zemplinina (synonym: Starmerella bacillaris) and Torulaspora delbrueckii strains. Only H. uvarum and Metschnikowia pulcherrima strains were found to have β-glucosidase activity. M. pulcherrima strains also had protease activity. Most of the strains showed limited malic acid degradation, and only Schizosaccharomyces pombe and the C. zemplinina strains showed mentionable degradation. In synthetic wine fermentations, C. stellata, C. zemplinina, H. uvarum, M. pulcherrima and Sc. pombe strains were shown to be slow to medium fermenters, whereas L. thermotolerans and T. delbrueckii strains were found to be medium to strong fermenters. The effect of the yeasts on MLF varied, but inhibition was strain dependent.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajev/article/view/819
dc.format.extent18 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherSouth African Journal for Enology and Viticulture
dc.subjectBio-typingen_ZA
dc.titleCharacterisation of non-saccharomyces yeasts using different methodologies and evaluation of their compatibility with malolactic fermentationen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderSouth African Journal for Enology and Viticulture


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

ITEM VIEW