Neurocysticercosis: knowledge, attitudes and practice of epileptic patients in northern Namibia
Thesis (MFamMed)--Stellenbosch University, 2016.
ENGLISH SUMMARY : Background: The incidence of epilepsy continues to rise worldwide, particularly in developing countries, and studies have shown that most cases of epilepsy are associated with neurocysticercosis. Proper knowledge and the adoption of a hygienic life style could help in preventing the spread of taeniasis infection in developing countries. However, the knowledge, attitudes and practices of epileptic patients regarding neurocysticercosis have been inadequate. Aim: This study sought to establish the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding neurocysticercosis in epileptic patients in northern Namibia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done using a questionnaire to interview 120 epileptic patients seen in the medical outpatient department of Oshakati Hospital in Namibia. Demographic characteristics of the participants were obtained, and their knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding neurocysticercosis were assessed. Results: Out of the 120 participants in the study, 60% were female and the majority (81.7%) were pork eaters. A high percentage (61.8%) of the participants practised free-range pig husbandry, and the majority (72.8%) and their pigs (83.9%) were not treated for worm infestation. Conclusion: There were considerable gaps in the knowledge and healthy practices of epileptic patients regarding neurocysticercosis in northern Namibia. The participants still have behaviours that may favour the continued spread of neurocysticercosis in the community. Therefore, there is need for educational intervention or campaign to reduce the incidence of the infection in the community.
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