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Differential malic acid degradation by selected strains of Saccharomyces during alcoholic fermentation

dc.contributor.authorRedzepovic S.
dc.contributor.authorOrlic S.
dc.contributor.authorMajdak A.
dc.contributor.authorKozina B.
dc.contributor.authorVolschenk H.
dc.contributor.authorViljoen-Bloom M.
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-15T15:56:49Z
dc.date.available2011-05-15T15:56:49Z
dc.date.issued2003
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
dc.identifier.citation83
dc.identifier.citation1
dc.identifier.issn1681605
dc.identifier.other10.1016/S0168-1605(02)00320-3
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/10055
dc.description.abstractTo produce a high-quality wine, it is important to obtain a fine balance between the various chemical constituents, especially between the sugar and acid content. The latter is more difficult to achieve in wines that have high acidity due to excess malic acid, since wine yeast in general cannot effectively degrade malic acid during alcoholic fermentation. An indigenous Saccharomyces paradoxus strain RO88 was able to degrade 38% of the malic acid in Chardonnay must and produced a wine of good quality. In comparison, Schizosaccharomyces pombe strain F effectively removed 90% of the malic acid, but did not produce a good-quality wine. Although commercially promoted as a malic-acid-degrading wine yeast strain, only 18% of the malic acid was degraded by Saccharomyces cerevisiae Lalvin strain 71B. Preliminary studies on the transcriptional regulation of the malic enzyme gene from three Saccharomyces strains, i.e. S. paradoxus RO88, S. cerevisiae 71B and Saccharomyces bayanus EC1118, were undertaken to elucidate the differences in their ability to degrade malic acid. Expression of the malic enzyme gene from S. paradoxus RO88 and S. cerevisiae 71B increased towards the end of fermentation once glucose was depleted, whereas no increase in transcription was observed for S. bayanus EC1118 which was also unable to effectively degrade malic acid. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
dc.subjectalcohol
dc.subjectglucose
dc.subjectmalic acid
dc.subjectarticle
dc.subjectdegradation
dc.subjectfermentation
dc.subjectfungal gene
dc.subjectfungal strain
dc.subjectgene expression
dc.subjectnonhuman
dc.subjectSaccharomyces
dc.subjectSaccharomyces bayanus
dc.subjectSaccharomyces cerevisiae
dc.subjectSaccharomyces paradoxus
dc.subjectSchizosaccharomyces pombe
dc.subjecttranscription regulation
dc.subjectwine
dc.subjectBase Sequence
dc.subjectDNA, Bacterial
dc.subjectFermentation
dc.subjectFood Microbiology
dc.subjectFood Technology
dc.subjectGlucose
dc.subjectKinetics
dc.subjectMalates
dc.subjectMolecular Sequence Data
dc.subjectSaccharomyces
dc.subjectSaccharomyces cerevisiae
dc.subjectSchizosaccharomyces
dc.subjectWine
dc.subjectSaccharomyces
dc.subjectSaccharomyces bayanus
dc.subjectSaccharomyces cerevisiae
dc.subjectSaccharomyces paradoxus
dc.subjectSchizosaccharomyces pombe
dc.titleDifferential malic acid degradation by selected strains of Saccharomyces during alcoholic fermentation
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionArticle


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